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Yugoslavia: Primary Schools
Country Study > Chapter 2 > The Society and Its Environment > Education > Primary Schools


A 1958 education law lengthened the country's primary education sequence to eight years and made attendance compulsory for children from seven to fifteen years of age. Between 1945 and 1981, elementary school enrollment rose from 40 percent to 98.6 percent of all children between ages seven and ten and 92 percent of those between eleven and fourteen. In the same period, the number of elementary school teachers increased more than fivefold, and the student-teacher ratio fell from 59:1 to 20:1. Primary education in Yugoslavia's less developed regions improved dramatically, and instruction in the languages of Yugoslavia's ethnic minorities increased. In Kosovo, the number of primary school students rose tenfold between the end of World War II and 1981. In 1986 the student-teacher ratio for primary instruction in the languages of Yugoslavia's ethnic minorities was 18.8:1, better than the Yugoslav average overall.

Data as of December 1990

Last Updated: December 1990

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Yugoslavia was first published in 1990. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

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