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Yugoslavia: Metallurgy
Country Study > Chapter 3 > The Economy > Structure of the Economy > Industry > Metallurgy


Among major metallurgical facilities were the Trepca Combine in Kosovo, which produced zinc, tin, and electrolyte, plus refined silver and gold; the Metal Semifinished Products Industry at Slovenska Bistrica (Slovenia), specializing in alumina processing; the Smederevo Metallurgical Combine, known for microalloys and automobile steel important in replacing imported metals; the Zorka Plant at Sabac (western Serbia), which produced sheet and finished metals; and the Topola Foundry of western Serbia, important for cast iron and modular metals for the auto industry. In 1987 the metallurgy industry contributed one-third of Yugoslavia's total exports ($US4.2 billion). In the 1980s, however, many of Yugoslavia's steel-producing industries faced stagnation because of hard-currency shortages that curtailed the import of cold-rolled steel used in finishing. Outdated extraction technology and weak infrastructure hindered enterprises that relied on domestic materials.

Data as of December 1990

Last Updated: December 1990

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Yugoslavia was first published in 1990. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

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Section 103 of 208


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