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Yugoslavia: Nongovernmental Political Institutions
Country Study > Chapter 4 > Government and Politics > Nongovernmental Political Institutions


Beginning in 1945, the institutions of the Yugoslav government were overshadowed by the dominating policy input of the single ruling communist party and by a number of partycontrolled organizations designed to maintain control of various sectors of society. At the end of the first post-Tito decade, however, this condition changed in two ways. First, major partycontrolled organizations such as unions and youth groups took independent positions, and some became rival parties to the LCY. Those that remained closest to the LCY lost membership and influence. Second, the 1990 split of the LCY left that organization without even nominal policy -- making control for the first time since 1945. These developments threatened to complete the separation of state from party that had begun in 1948.

Data as of December 1990

Last Updated: December 1990

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Yugoslavia was first published in 1990. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

Yugoslavia Main Page Country Studies Main Page

Section 139 of 208


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