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China: Bibliography
Country Study > Bibliography

BIBLIOGRAPHY


Chapter 1

Barnett, A. Doak. "Ten Years after Mao," Foreign Affairs. 65, No. 1, Fall 1986, 37-65.

______. Uncertain Passage: China's Transition to the Post-Mao Era. Washington: Brookings Institution, 1974.

Baum, Richard. Prelude to Revolution: Mao, the Party, and the Peasant Question. New York: Columbia University Press, 1975.

Bedeski, Robert E. "The Evolution of the Modern State in China: National and Communist Continuities," World Politics. 27, No. 4, July 1975, 541-68.

Bianco, Lucien. "People's China: 25 Years. `Fu-chiang' and Red Fervor," Problems of Communism. 23, September-October 1974, 2-9.

Boorman, Howard L., and Richard C. Howard (eds.). Biographic Dictionary of Republican China. 5 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967-79.

Bridgham, Philip. "The Fall of Lin Piao," China Quarterly [London], No. 55, July-September 1973, 427-49.

Brodsgaard, Kjeld Erik. "The Democracy Movement in China, 1978-1979: Opposition Movements, Wall Poster Campaigns, and Underground Journals," Asian Survey. 21, No. 7, July 1981, 747-74.

Buhite, Russell D. Decisions at Yalta: An Appraisal of Summit Diplomacy. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, 1986.

Burns, John P. "Reforming China's Bureaucracy, 1979-82," Asian Survey. 23, No. 6, June 1983, 692-722.

Burns, John P., and Stanley Rosen (eds.). Policy Conflicts in Post-Mao China:. Documentary Survey, with Analysis. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1986.

Chang, Chun-shu. The Making of China: Main Themes in Premodern Chinese History. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1975.

Chang, Parris H. "Chinese Politics: Deng's Turbulent Quest," Problems of Communism. 30, No. 1, January-February 1981, 1- 21.

______. Power and Policy in China. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1975.

Chen, Yung-fa. Making Revolution: The Communist Movement in Eastern and Central China, 1937-1945. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

Cheng, Te-k'un. Studies in Chinese Archaeology. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong Press, 1982.

Cheng Dalin. The Great Wall of China. Hong Kong: South China Morning Post, 1984.

Chesneaux, Jean. China: The People's Republic, 1949-1976. (Trans., Paul Aster and Lydia Davis.) New York: Pantheon, 1979.

Chi, Wen-shun. Ideological Conflicts in Modern China: Democracy and Authoritarianism. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1986.

China Handbook Editorial Committee. China Handbook Series: History. (Trans., Dun J. Li.) Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1982.

China Official Annual Report. Hong Kong: Kingsway International, 1981-83.

Coye, Molly Joel, and Jon Livingston (eds.). China Yesterday and Today. (2d ed.) New York: Bantam Books, 1979.

Cranmer-Byng, John. "The Chinese View of Their Place in the World: An Historical Perspective," China Quarterly [London], No. 53, January-March 1973, 67-79.

deBary, Wm. Theodore, et al. Sources of Chinese Tradition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.

Dien, Albert E., et al. (eds.). Chinese Archaeological Abstracts. 2. Prehistoric to Western Zhou. (Monumenta Archaeologica, vol. 9.) Los Angeles: Institute of Archaeology, University of California at Los Angeles, 1985.

Dittmer, Lowell. "Bases of Power in Chinese Politics:. Theory and an Analysis of the Fall of the `Gang of Four'," World Politics. 30, No. 4, October 1978, 26-60.

______. "Death and Transfiguration: Liu Shaoqi's Rehabilitation and Contemporary Chinese Politics," Journal of Asian Studies. 40, No. 3, May 1981, 455-80.

______. Liu Shao-ch'i and the Chinese Cultural Revolution: The Politics of Mass Criticism. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.

Domes, Jurgen. The Internal Politics of China, 1949-1972. (Trans., Rudiger Machetzki.) New York: Praeger, 1973.

______. China after the Cultural Revolution: Politics Between Two Party Congresses. (With. contribution by Marie-Luise Nath.) Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1977.

______. The Government and Politics of the PRC:. Time of Transition. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Dreyer, June Teufel. "China's Quest for. Socialist Solution," Problems of Communism. 24, September-October 1975, 49-62.

Eberhard, Wolfram.. History of China. (4th ed.) Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1977.

Egashira, K. "Chinese-Style Socialism: Some Aspects of Its Origin and Structure," Asian Survey. 15, No. 11, November 1975, 981-95.

Elisseeff, Daniel, and Vadime Elisseeff. (Trans., Larry Lockwood.) New Discoveries in China: Encountering History Through Archaeology. Fribourg, Switzerland: Chartwell Books, 1983.

Elvin, Mark. The Pattern of the Chinese Past. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1973.

Fairbank, John King. The Great Chinese Revolution, 1800-1985. New York: Harper. Row, 1986.

Fairbank, John K., and Edwin O. Reischauer. China: Tradition. Transformation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1978.

Fairbank, John K., Edwin O. Reischauer, and Albert Craig. East Asia: The Modern Transformation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.

Fontana, Dorothy Grouse. "Background to the Fall of Hua Guofeng," Asian Survey. 22, No. 3, March 1982, 237-60.

Gayn, Mark. "People's China: 25 Years.. View from the Village," Problems of Communism. 23, September-October 1974, 10-15.

Gittings, John. "New Light on Mao: His View of the World," China Quarterly [London], No. 60, October-December 1974, 750- 66.

______. The World and China, 1922-1972. New York: Harper. Row, 1974.

Goodman, David S.G. "China: The Politics of Succession," World Today [London], 33, No. 4, April 1977, 131-40.

______. "The Provincial Revolutionary Committee in the People's Republic of China, 1967-79: An Obituary," China Quarterly [London], No. 85, March 1981, 49-79.

Goodrich, L. Carrington.. Short History of the Chinese People. London: Allen. Unwin, 1969.

Grieder, Jerome B. Intellectuals and the State in Modern China:. Narrative History. (Transformation of Modern China series.) New York: Free Press, 1981.

Han, Suyin. The Morning Deluge: Mao Tse-tung and the Chinese Revolution, 1893-1953. London: Jonathan Cape, 1972.

______. Wind in the Tower: Mao Tsetung and the Chinese Revolution, 1949-1975. Boston: Little, Brown, 1976.

Harding, Harry, Jr. "Asian Communism in Flux: China after Mao," Problems of Communism. 26, March-April 1977, 1-18.

______. "China: The 1st Year Without Mao," Contemporary China. No. 2, Spring 1978, 81-98.

______. China: The Uncertain Future. (Headline series, No. 223.) New York: Foreign Policy Association, December 1974.

Hearn, Maxwell K. "An Ancient Chinese Army Rises from Underground Sentinel Duty," Smithsonian. 10, No. 8, November 1979, 38-51.

Hiniker, Paul J. "The Cultural Revolution Revisited: Dissonance Reduction or Power Maximization," China Quarterly [London], No. 94, June 1983, 282-303.

Hinton, Harold C. (ed.). The People's Republic of China:. Handbook. Boulder: Westview Press, 1979.

Ho, Ping-ti. "The Paleoenvironment of North China -- A Review Article," Journal of Asian Studies. 43, No. 4, August 1984, 723-34.

Hsieh, Chiao-min. Atlas of China. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1973.

Hsiung, James C. Ideology and Practice: The Evolution of Chinese Communism. New York: Praeger, 1970.

Hsu, Cho-yun. "Early Chinese History: The State of the Field," Journal of Asian Studies. 38, No. 3, May 1979, 453-75.

Hsu, Immanuel C.Y. The Rise of Modern China. (3d ed.) New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Hu Sheng, et al. The 1911 Revolution:. Retrospective after 70 Years. (China Studies series.) Beijing: New World Press, 1983.

Hucker, Charles O. China to 1850:. Short History. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1978.

Johnson, Chalmers (ed.). Ideology and Politics in Contemporary China. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1973.

Johnson, David, et al. (eds.). Popular Culture in Late Imperial China. (Studies on China series.) Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1985.

Kim, Ilpyong J. The Politics of Chinese Communism: Kiangsi under the Soviets. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.

Klein, Donald W., and Anne B. Clark. Biographic Dictionary of Chinese Communism, 1921-1965. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971.

Knightly, David N. "Shang China Is Coming of Age -- A Review Article," Journal of Asian Studies. 41, No. 3, May 1982, 549-57.

La Dany, L. "People's China: 25 Years. Shrinking Political Life," Problems of Communism. 23, September-October 1974, 25-28.

Lee, Shao Chang. "China's Cultural Development." (Wall chart) East Lansing, Michigan, 1964.

Levenson, Joseph R., and Franz Schurmann. China: An Interpretative History from the Beginnings to the Fall of Han. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969.

Li, Dun J. The Ageless Chinese:. History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971.

Li Xueqin. Eastern Zhou and Qin Civilization. (Trans., K.C. Chang.) New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Lieberthal, Kenneth. "China in 1975: The Internal Political Scene," Problems of Communism. 24, May-June 1975, 1-11.

Lindsay, Michael. "Analysis of the People's Republic of China," Asia Quarterly [Brussels], 2, 1975, 153-74.

______. "The Chinese Communist Party: History and Doctrines." Pages 123-96 in Yuan-li Wu (ed.), China:. Handbook. New York: Praeger, 1973.

Liu, James T.C. Political Institutions in Traditional China: Major Issues. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1974.

Loewe, Michael. Imperial China: The Historical Background to the Modern Age. New York: Praeger, 1966.

MacFarquhar, Roderick. "China after the 10th Congress," World Today [London], 29, No. 12, December 1973, 514-26.

Mancall, Mark. China at the Center: 300 Years of Foreign Policy. (Transformation of Modern China series.) New York: Free Press, 1984.

Meisner, Maurice. Mao's China and After:. History of the People's Republic. (rev. ed.) (Transformation of Modern China series.) New York: Free Press, 1986.

Michael, Franz. "China after the Cultural Revolution: The Unresolved Succession Crisis," Orbis. 17, No. 2, Summer 1973, 315-33.

Oksenberg, Michel. "Mao's Policy Commitments, 1921-1976," Problems of Communism. 25, November-December 1979, 1-26.

Oksenberg, Michel, and Steven Goldstein. "The Chinese Political Spectrum," Problems of Communism. 23, March-April 1974, 1- 13.

Onate, Andres D. Chairman Mao and the Chinese Communist Party. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1979.

People's Republic of China Year Book. Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 1983-85.

Pirazzoli-t'Serstevens, Michèle. The Han Dynasty. (Trans., Janet Seligman.) New York: Rizzoli, 1982.

Pong, David, and Edmund S.K. Fung (eds.). Ideal and Reality: Social and Political Changes in Modern China, 1860-1949. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1985.

Pye, Lucian W. "Mao Tse-tung's Leadership Style," Political Science Quarterly. 91, No. 2, Summer 1976, 219-36.

Qi Wen. China:. General Survey. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1979.

Reischauer, Edwin O. "The Sinic World in Perspective," Foreign Affairs. 52, No. 2, January 1974, 341-48.

Rice, Edward E. Mao's Way. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1972.

______. "People's China: 25 Years.. Radical Break with the Past," Problems of Communism. 23, September-October 1974, 16-20.

Ristaino, Marcia R. China's Art of Revolution: The Mobilization of Discontent, 1927 and 1928. Durham: Duke University Press, 1987.

Rossabi, Morris (ed.) China among Equals: The Middle Kingdom and Its Neighbors, 10th-14th Centuries. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1983.

Salisbury, Harrison E. The Long March: The Untold Story. Franklin Center, Pennsylvania: Franklin Library, 1985.

Sandschneider, Eberhard. "Political Succession in the People's Republic of China: Rule by Purge," Asian Survey. 25, No. 6, June 1985, 638-58.

Schram, Stuart R. "To Utopia and Back:. Cycle in the History of Chinese Communist Party," China Quarterly [London], No. 87, September 1981, 407-39.

Schurmann, Franz, and Orville Schell (eds.). Communist China: Revolutionary Reconstruction and International Confrontation, 1949 to the Present (China readings, 3). Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968.

Schwarcz, Vera. The Chinese Enlightenment: Intellectuals and the Legacy of the May Fourth Movement of 1919. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

Service, John S. "Edgar Snow: Some Personal Reminiscences," China Quarterly [London], No. 50, April-June 1972, 209-19.

Smith, Richard J. China's Cultural Heritage: The Ch'ing Dynasty, 1644-1912. Boulder: Westview Press, 1983.

Solomon, Richard H. Mao's Revolution and the Chinese Political Culture. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1971.

Somers, Robert M. "Time, Space, and Structure in the Consolidation of the T'ang Dynasty (A.D. 617-700)," Journal of Asian Studies. 45, No. 5, November 1986, 971-94.

Starr, John Bryan. "Chinese Politics, 1973-76: From the 10th Party Congress to the Premiership of Hua Kuo-feng: The Significance of the Colour of the Cat," China Quarterly [London], No. 67, September 1976, 457-88.

Sullivan, Lawrence R. "The Role of the Control Organs in the CCP, 1977-83," Asian Survey. 24, No. 6, June 1984, 597- 619.

Tang Tsou. The Cultural Revolution and Post-Mao Reforms:. Historical Perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

Teiwes, Frederick C. "Reports from China: Before and after the Cultural Revolution," China Quarterly [London], No. 58, April-May 1974, 332-48.

Terrill, Ross. "China in the 1980s," Foreign Affairs. 58, No. 4, Spring 1980, 920-35.

______. 800,000,000: The Real China. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972. Terrill, Ross (ed.). The China Difference. New York: Harper. Row, 1979.

Thaxton, Ralph. "On Peasant Revolution and National Resistance: Toward. Theory of Peasant Mobilization and Revolutionary War with Special Reference to Modern China," World Politics. 30, No. 1, October 1977, 24-57.

Thornton, Richard C. China:. Political History, 1917-1980. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

Townsend, James R., and Brantly Womack. Politics in China. (3d ed.) (Series in Comparative Politics:. Country Study.) Boston: Little, Brown, 1986.

Tung Chi-ming (comp.). An Outline History of China. (Originally published in People's Republic of China by Foreign Languages Press in 1958 and 1959.) Hong Kong: Joint Publishing, 1979.

Uhalley, Stephen, Jr. Mao Tse-tung:. Critical Biography. New York: New Viewpoints, 1975.

Wakeman, Frederic E., Jr. The Fall of Imperial China. (Transformation of Modern China series.) New York: Free Press, 1975.

Walder, Andrew G. "Methodological Note: Press Accounts and the Study of Chinese Society," China Quarterly [London], No. 79, September 1979, 568-92.

Wang, Ting. "The Succession Problem," Problems of Communism. 22, No. 3, May-June 1973, 13-24.

Whiting, Allen S. "New Light on Mao. Quemoy 1958: Mao's Miscalculations," China Quarterly [London], No. 62, June 1975, 263-70.

Whitson, William W. Chinese Military and Political Leaders and the Distribution of Power in China, 1956-1971. (R-1091-DOS ARPA June 1973.)(Report prepared for Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and Department of State.) Santa Monica: Rand, June 1973.

Wich, Richard. "The Tenth Party Congress: The Power Structure and the Succession Question," China Quarterly [London], No. 58, April-May 1974, 231-48.

Wilson, Dick (ed.). Mao Tse-tung in the Scales of History. (Preliminary assessment organized by China Quarterly .) London: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Womack, Brantly. "Modernization and Democratic Reforms in China," Journal of Asian Studies. 43, No. 3, May 1984, 417- 40.

Wu, Yuan-li (ed.). China:. Handbook. New York: Praeger, 1973.

Yang, Benjamin. "The Zunyi Conference as One Step in Mao's Rise to Power:. Survey of Historical Studies of the Chinese Communist Party," China Quarterly [London], No. 106, June 1986, 235- 71.

Chapter 2

Aird, John S. "Fertility Decline in China." Pages 119-227 in Nicholas Eberstadt (ed.), Fertility Decline in the Less Developed Countries. New York: Praeger, 1981.

______. "The Preliminary Results of China's 1982 Census," China Quarterly [London], No. 96, December 1983, 613-40.

Arnold, Fred, and Liu Zhaoxiang. "Sex Preference, Fertility, and Family Planning in China," Population and Development Review. 12, No. 2, June 1986, 221-46.

Banister, Judith. "An Analysis of Recent Data on the Population of China," Population and Development Review. 10, No. 2, June 1984, 241-71.

______. China's Changing Population. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987.

______. "Urban-Rural Population Projections for China." Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Washington: March 1986.

Banister, Judith, and Kim Woodward. "A Tale of New Cities," China Business Review. 14, No. 2, March-April 1987, 12-21.

Bianco, Lucien. "Family Planning Programs and Fertility Decline in Taiwan and Mainland China:. Comparison," Issues. Studies [Taipei], 21, No. 11, November 1985, 53-95.

Bongaarts, John, and Susan Greenhalgh. "An Alternative to the One-Child Policy in China." (Working Papers, No. 115.) New York: Center for Policy Studies, Population Council, October 1985.

Burns, John P., and Stanley Rosen (eds.). Policy Conflicts in Post-Mao China:. Documentary Survey, with Analysis. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1986.

Chan, Kam Wing, and Xu Xueqiang. "Urban Population Growth and Urbanization in China since 1949: Reconstructing. Baseline," China Quarterly [London], No. 104, December 1985, 583-613.

Chang, Luke T. China's Boundary Treaties and Frontier Disputes. London: Oceana, 1982.

Chang, Sen-dou. "Trends in Internal Migration and Urbanization in China." (Paper presented at China Population Analysis Conference, University of Hawaii, East-West Center, May 19-23, 1980.) Honolulu: 1980.

Chao, Kang. Man and Land in Chinese History: An Economic Analysis. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1986.

Chen Haifeng. Modern Chinese Medicine, III: Chinese Health Care. Beijing: MTP Press, 1984.

Chen, Xiangming. "The One-Child Population Policy, Modernization, and the Extended Chinese Family," Journal of Marriage and the Family. 47, No. 1, February 1985, 193-202.

China. State Statistical Bureau. China: Urban Statistics, 1985. Essex, United Kingdom: Longman Group, 1985.

China Handbook Editorial Committee. China Handbook Series: Economy. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1984.

______. China Handbook Series: Georgraphy. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1983.

Chung Chi. An Outline of Chinese Geography. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1978.

Cressy, George Babcock. Land of the 500 Million. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1955.

Croizier, Ralph. Traditional Medicine in Modern China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.

Croll, Elisabeth J. China's One-Child Family Policy. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1985.

______. "Production Versus Reproduction:. Threat to China's Development Strategy," World Development [Oxford], 11, No. 6, June 1983, 467-81.

Davin, Delia. "The Single-child Family Policy in the Countryside." Pages 37-45 in Elisabeth Croll (ed.), China's One-Child Family Policy. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1985.

Dreyer, June Teufel. China's Forty Millions: Minority Nationalities and National Integration in the People's Republic of China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976.

Editorial Committee of the China Official Yearbook. China Official Yearbook, 1983-84. Hong Kong: Dragon Pearl, 1983.

Edward, Mike. "China's Born-Again Giant Shanghai," National Geographic. 158, No. 1, July 1980, 15-43.

Emerson, John Philip. The Growth of the Chinese Labor Force, 1957-1979. Washington: Department of Commerce, 1981.

Fang Chun-ie. 1981. China Official Annual Report. Hong Kong: Kingsway International, 1981.

Fei Hsiao Tung. Toward. People's Anthropology. Beijing: New World Press, 1981.

Geelan, P.J.M., and D.C. Twitchett (eds.). Times Atlas of China. London: Times Newspapers, 1974.

Goldstein, Sydney, and Alice Goldstein. "China on the Move: New Responsibilities, New Challenges," Pages 59-71 in Jane Vanderlind and William Barrows (eds.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference. New York: Association for Population Family Planning Libraries and Information Centers, International, 1986.

______. Population Mobility in the People's Republic of China. (Papers of the East-West Population Institute, No. 95, East-West Center.) University of Hawaii: Honolulu, 1985.

Goyer, Doreen. Workshop in Census Population. Pages 41-56 in Jane Vanderlind and William Barrows (eds.). Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference. New York: Association for Population Family Planning Libraries and Information Centers, International, 1986.

"Greenery to Be Accelerated," Beijing Review [Beijing], 27, No. 12, March 19, 1984, 10.

Hoffman, Charles. "Employment in the People's Republic of China," Asian Thought and Society. 7, No. 20, July 1982, 156-75.

Hsiao, William C. "Transformation of Health Care in China," New England Journal of Medicine. 310, No. 14, April 5, 1984, 932-36.

Hsieh, Chiao-min. Atlas of China. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1973.

Jamison, Dean T. China: The Health Sector. (World Bank Country Study, No. 84-13150). Washington: World Bank, 1984.

Kallgren, Joyce K. "Family Planning in China," Current History. 85, No. 512, September 1986, 269-72, 281, 304.

Kaplan, Fredric M., Julian M. Sobin, and Stephen Andors (eds.). Encyclopedia of China Today. Fair Lawn, New Jersey: Eurasia Press, 1979.

Keyfitz, Nathan. "The Population of China," Scientific American. 250, No. 2, February 1984, 38-47.

Kirkby, R.J.R. Land of the 500 Million. New York: McGraw- Hill, 1955.

______. Urbanization in China: Town and Country in. Developing Economy, 1949-2000 AD. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Lampton, David M. The Politics of Medicine in China. (Westview Special Studies on China and East Asia.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1977.

Li Chengrui (ed.).. Census of One Billion People: Papers on the International Seminar on China's 1982 Census. Boulder: Westview Press, 1987.

Li Shengqi. "The Kazak:. Nationality on Horseback," New China Quarterly [Hong Kong], No. 1, July 1986, 92-95.

Liu, Alan P.L. How China Is Ruled. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1986.

Lu Guangtian. "A Review of Demographic Studies of China's National Minorities," Social Sciences in China [Beijing], No. 3, September 1986, 89-110.

Ma, Laurence J.C. "Preliminary Results of the 1982 Census," Geographical Review. 73, No. 2, April 1983, 198-210.

Moser, Leo J. The Chinese Mosaic: The Peoples and Provinces of China. (Westview Special Studies on East Asia, No. 9.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Mosher, Steven. "Thinking Clear: Forced Abortions and Infanticide in Communist China," Human Life Review. 11, No. 3, Summer 1985, 7-34.

Orleans, Leo A. Every Fifth Child: The Population of China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1972.

______. Health Policies and Services in China. (U.S. Congress, 93d, 2d Session, Senate, Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, Subcommittee on Health.) Washington: GPO, 1974.

Orleans, Leo A., and Ly Burnham. "The Enigma of China's Urban Population," Asian Survey. 24, No. 7, July 1984, 788-804.

Pannell, Clifton W., and Laurence J.C. Ma. China: The Geography of Development and Modernization. Washington: Winston and Sons, 1983.

Parish, William L., and Martin King Whyte. Village and Family Life in Contemporary China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Physical Geography of China. Beijing, 1986.

Platte, Erika. "China's Fertility Transition: The One-Child Campaign," Pacific Affairs [Vancouver], 57, No. 4, Winter 1984-85, 646-71.

Prescott, J.R.V. The Maritime Boundaries of the World. New York: Methuen, 1985.

Qi Wen. China:. General Survey. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1979.

"Reforming the Public Security Forces," China News Analysis [Hong Kong], No. 1318, September 15, 1986, 1-9.

Rosenthal, Marilynn M. Health Care in the People's Republic of China: Moving Toward Modernization. (Westview Special Studies on China.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1986.

Schwarz, Henry G. The Minorities of Northern China:. Survey. Bellingham, Washington: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University, 1984.

Shabad, Theodore. China's Changing Map. New York: Praeger, 1972.

Shan Fang. "Mainland China's Rural Surplus Labor," Issues. Studies. [Taipei], 22, No. 4, April 1986, 51-68.

Taylor, Jeffrey R. Employment and Unemployment in China: Results from 10-Percent Sample Tabulation of 1982 Population Census. (Foreign Economic Report, No. 23.) Washington: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, September 1985.

Tien, H. Yuan. "China: Demographic Billionaire," Population Bulletin. 38, No. 2, April 1983, 1-43.

______. "Redirection of the Chinese Family: Ramifications of Minimal Reproduction."(Michigan State University Working Papers, Women in International Development series, No. 67.) East Lansing: Michigan State University, October 1984.

Ting, Tin-yu, and Chen Hsin-mu. "Involuntary Family Size: An Evaluation of Mainland China's One-Child Family Policy," Issues. Studies [Taipei], 22, No. 2, February 1986, 45-63.

Treagear, T.R. An Economic Geography of China. New York: American Elsevier, 1970.

United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service. China: Review of Agriculture in 1981 and Outlook for 1982. Washington, August 1982.

United States. Department of Interior. Board on Geographic Names. Gazetteer of the People's Republic of China: Pinyin to Wade- Giles, Wade-Giles to Pinyin. Washington, July 1979.

United States. Congress. 99th, 1st Session. Senate. Committee on Finance. MFN Status for Hungary, Romania, China, and Afghanistan. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Congress. 99th, 2d Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.) China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000, 1: The Four Modernizations. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Warner, Denis. "The Bear Across the Chinese Border," Pacific Defence Reporter [Victoria, Australia] 13, No. 3, September 1986, 31-33.

Wu Yiming. People's Republic of China Year-Book, 1984. Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 1984.

Yang, Zunyi. The Geology of China. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Yue, Guangzhao. "Employment, Wages and Social Security in China," International Labor Review [Montreal] 124, No. 4, July-August 1985, 411-22.

Zhao Songqiao. Physical Geography of China. Beijing: Science Press, 1986.

Zheng Zhensun. People's Republic of China Year Book, 1985. Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 1985.

Zhongguo 1982 Nian Renkou Pucha Ziliao (Dianzi Jisuanji Huizong) [1982 Population Census of China] (Results of Computer Tabulation), Beijing, March 1985.

Chapter 3

"As We Reform the Party, We Must Oppose The Art of Using Connections," Study and Research [Beijing], May 5, 1985, 43- 46.

Bernstein, Thomas. Up to the Mountains and Down to the Villages: The Transfer of Youth from Urban to Rural China. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.

Blecher, Mark. "Balance and Cleavage in Urban-Rural Relations." Pages 219-45 in William L. Parish, (ed.), Chinese Rural Development: The Great Transformation. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1985.

Bodde, Derk. China's Cultural Tradition: What and Whither? New York: Rinehart, 1957.

Brown, G. Thompson. Christianity in the People's Republic of China. (rev. ed.) Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1986.

Chan, Anita. Children of Mao: Personality Development and Political Activism in the Red Guard Generation. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1985.

Chan, Anita, and Jonathan Unger. "Grey and Black: The Hidden Economy of Rural China," Pacific Affairs [Vancouver], 55, No. 3, Fall 1982, 452-71.

Chan, Anita, Richard Madsen, and Jonathan Unger. Chen Village: The Recent History of. Peasant Community in Mao's China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1984.

Chao Yuen Ren. Aspects of Chinese Sociolinguistics. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976.

Chesneaux, Jean. Popular Movements and Secret Societies in China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1977.

China. State Statistical Bureau. Statistical Yearbook of China, 1986. Hong Kong: Economic Information. Agency, 1986.

Croll, Elisabeth. "Marriage Choice and Status Groups in Contemporary China." Pages 175-97 in James L. Watson (ed.), Class and Social Stratification in Post-Revolution China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Davin, Delia. Woman-Work: Women and the Party in Revolutionary China. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

DeGlopper, Donald R. "Recent Changes in Chinese Society," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences. 402, July 1972, 15-25.

Diamond, Norma. "Taitou Revisited: State Policies and Social Change." Pages 246-70 in William L. Parish (ed.), Chinese Rural Development. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1985.

"Educated Women Groan under Housework," Beijing Review [Beijing], 29, No. 49, December 8, 1986, 20.

Edwards, R. Randle. "Civil and Social Rights: Theory and Practice in Chinese Law Today." Pages 41-69 in R. Randle Edwards, Louis Henkin, and Andrew J. Nathan (eds.), Human Rights in Contemporary China. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

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Levenson, Joseph R. Confucian China and Its Modern Fate. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1968.

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"`Love Corner' Gone in Shanghai," Beijing Review [Beijing], 29, No. 46, November 17, 1986, 8-9.

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Pannell, Clifton W., and Laurence J.C. Ma. China: The Geography of Development and Modernization. Washington: V.H. Winston, 1983.

Parish, William L. "Introduction: Historical Background and Current Issues." Pages 3-32 in William L. Parish (ed.), Chinese Rural Development: The Great Transformation. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1985.

Parish, William L., and Martin K. Whyte. Village and Family in Contemporary China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

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Perry, Elizabeth J. "Rural Violence in Socialist China," China Quarterly [London], No. 103, September 1985, 414-40.

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Rawski, Evelyn S. (ed.). Popular Culture in Late Imperial China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1985.

Rosen, Stanley. Red Guard Factionalism and the Cultural Revolution in Guangzhou. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

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Sheng Huochu, and Liu Hongfa. "Resurvey of Workers' Living Standards in Tianjin," China Reconstructs [Beijing], 35, No. 12, December 1986, 29-32.

Shirk, Susan. Competitive Comrades: Career Incentives and Student Strategies in China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1982.

Skinner, G. William. "Mobility Strategies in Late Imperial China." Pages 83-126 in Carol A. Smith (ed.), Regional Analysis. 1. New York: Academic Press, 1976.

______. "Rural Marketing in China: Repression and Revival," China Quarterly [London], No. 103, September 1985, 393-413.

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Stacey, Judith. Patriarchy and Socialist Revolution in China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1983.

Tai Houying. Stones of the Wall. (Trans., Frances Wood.) New York: St. Martin's Press, 1985.

Thurston, Anne F., and Burton Pasternak (eds.). The Social Sciences and Fieldwork in China: Views from the Field. Boulder: Westview Press for the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1983.

Unger, Jonathan. "The Class System in Rural China:. Case Study." Pages 121-41 in James L. Watson (ed.), Class and Social Stratification in Post-Revolution China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Vogel, Ezra F. Canton under Communism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1969.

Walder, Andrew G. Communist Neo-Traditionalism: Work and Authority in Chinese Industry. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

Ward, Barbara E. "Varieties of the Conscious Model: The Fishermen of South China." Pages 37-71 in M.E. Banton (ed.), The Relevance of Models for Social Anthropology. London: Tavistock Press, 1968.

Watson, James L. (ed.). Class and Social Stratification in Post-Revolution China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

White, Lynn T., III. Careers in Shanghai: The Social Guidance of Personal Energies in. Developing Chinese City, 1949-1966. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1978.

Whyte, Martin King. Small Groups and Political Rituals in China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.

______. "Social Trends in China: The Triumph of Inequality?" Pages 103-23 in A. Doak Barnett and Ralph N. Clough (eds.), Modernizing China: Post-Mao Reform and Development. Boulder: Westview Press, 1986.

Whyte, Martin King, and William L. Parish. Urban Life in Contemporary China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Wolf, Margery. Revolution Postponed: Women in Contemporary China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985.

Wolf, Margery, and Roxanne Witke. Women in Chinese Society. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1975.

Yang, C.K.. Chinese Village in Early Communist Transition. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1959.

______. Religion in Chinese Society. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1961.

Yue Daiyu and Carolyn Wakeman. To the Storm. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1985.

Zhou Qiren. "The Rediscovery of Household Management: On Changes in the Agricultural Management Organization Due to the Contract System," Social Sciences in China [Beijing], No. 2, June 1986, 93-112.

Zweig, David. "Prosperity and Conflict in Post-Mao Rural China," China Quarterly [London], No. 105, March 1986, 1- 18.

Chapter 4

Bai Hua. "Ku Lian" (Bitter Love), Cheng Ming (Contending) [Hong Kong], No. 44, June 1981, 82-98.

Bao Zhenxi. "Fazhan Zhong de Zhongguo Tushuguan Shiye" (China's Developing Library Service), Liaowang Zhoukan (Outlook Weekly) [Hong Kong], No. 44, November 3, 1986, 32-33.

Bastid, Marianne. "Educational Necessity and Political Ideals in Educational Reform During the Cultural Revolution," China Quarterly [London], No. 42, April-June 1970, 16-45.

Burns, John P., and Stanley Rosen (eds.). Policy Conflicts in Post-Mao China:. Documentary Survey, with Analysis. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1986.

Ch'en, Shou-yi. Chinese Literature:. Historical Introduction. New York: Ronald Press, 1961.

Chen, Theodore. The Maoist Educational Revolution. New York: Praeger, 1974.

China ABC. Beijing: New World Press, 1985.

Ci Hai. Shanghai: Shanghai Cishu Chubanshe (Shanghai Dictionary Publishers), 1979.

Cleverley, John. The Schooling of China. Sydney: Allen. Unwin, 1985.

Croizier, Ralph C. China's Cultural Legacy and Communism. New York: Praeger, 1970.

Delfs, Robert. "Contending Thoughts: Party Liberals Push for Free Academic Debate," Far Eastern Economic Review [Hong Kong], June 19, 1986, 49-50.

Dietrich, Craig. People's China:. Brief History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Duke, Michael S. Blooming and Contending: Chinese Literature in the Post-Mao Era. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985.

"Educational Developments," China Exchange News. 14, No. 3, September 1986, 28-29.

Feldman, Gayle. "Field Note: The Organization of Publishing in China," China Quarterly [London], No. 107, July-September 1986, 519-29.

Glassman, Joel. Centralized Planning -- Decentralized Administration: Community Control in Chinese Communist Education. (Proceedings of 30th International Congress of Human Sciences in Asia and North Africa.) Mexico City: December 1976.

______. "Educational Reform and Manpower Policy in China, 1955- 58," Modern China. 3, No. 3, 1977, 259-90.

______. "The Political Experience of Primary School Teachers in the People's Republic of China," Comparative Education [Oxford], 15, No. 2, June 1979, 159-73.

Goldman, Merle. China's Intellectuals: Advise and Dissent. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Gunn, Edward M. (ed.). Twentieth-Century Chinese Drama: An Anthology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983.

Hamrin, Carol Lee, and Timothy Cheek (eds.). China's Establishment Intellectuals. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1986.

Hawkins, John N. Education and Social Change in the People's Republic of China. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Hayhoe, Ruth. Contemporary Chinese Education. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1984.

Hightower, James Robert. Topics in Chinese Literature: Outlines and Bibliographies. (rev. ed.) (Harvard-Yenching Institute Studies.) Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966.

Ho, Ping-ti. The Ladder of Success in Imperial China. New York: Columbia University Press, 1962.

Hsia, C.T.. History of Modern Chinese Fiction. (2d ed.) New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971.

Hsu, Kai-yu. Literature of the People's Republic of China. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1980.

Kaplan, Fredric M., and Arne J. de Keijzer. The China Guidebook. New York: Eurasia Press, 1984.

Kaplan, Fredric M., Julian M. Sobin, and Stephen Andors (eds.). Encyclopedia of China Today. New York: Harper. Row, 1979.

Kinkley, Jeffrey C. (ed.). After Mao: Chinese Literature and Society, 1978-1981. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1985.

Lampton, David M.. Relationship Restored: Trends in U.S.- Chinese Educational Exchanges, 1978-1984. Washington: National Academy Press, 1986.

Legge, James. The Chinese Classics. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1960.

Leyda, Jay. Dianying: An Account of Films and the Film Audience in China. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1972.

Link, Perry (ed.). Roses and Thorns: The Second Blooming of the Hundred Flowers in Chinese Fiction, 1979-1980. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1984.

Liu, Alan P.L. How China Is Ruled. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1986.

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McDougall, Bonnie S., and Hu Liuyu (trans.). Literature and the Arts. (China Handbook series.) Beijing: Foreign Language Press, 1983.

Montaperto, Ronald N., and Jay Henderson (eds.). China's Schools in Flux. White Plains: Sharpe, 1979.

Munro, Donald J. "Egalitarian Ideal and Educational Fact in Communist China." Pages 256-301 in John Lindbeck (ed.) China: Management of. Revolutionary Society. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1971.

Orleans, Leo A. Manpower for Science and Engineering in China. (Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China, Background Study, No. 4.) (Prepared for United States Congress, 96th, 2d Session, House of Representatives, Committee on Science and Technology, Subcommittee on Science.) Washington: GPO, 1980.

______. Professional Manpower and Education in Communist China. Washington: National Science Foundation, 1961.

Parker, Franklin, and Betty June Parker. Education in the People's Republic of China, Past and Present: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1986.

Pepper, Suzanne. "Chinese Education after Mao: Two Steps Forward, Two Steps Back, and Begin Again?" China Quarterly [London], No. 81, March 1980, 1-65.

Rosen, Stanley. "Chinese Education in Transition," Current History. 82, September 1983, 254-58, 277-78.

Schram, Stuart (ed.). Authority, Participation, and Cultural Change in China. London: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Seifman, Eli. "China: The Decision on the Reform of the Education System," Asian Thought and Society ," 11, No. 31, March 1986, 37-42.

Seto, May. "Modernization and the Media: China's TV, Radio, and Publications Experience:. Renaissance," China Business Review. 12, No. 5, September-October 1985, 10-13.

Seybolt, Peter. Revolutionary Education in China: Documents and Commentary. White Plains: International Arts and Science Press, 1973.

______. "The Yenan Revolution in Mass Education," China Quarterly [London], No. 48, October-December 1971, 641-69.

Shirk, Susan L. "Educational Reform and Political Backlash: Recent Changes in Chinese Educational Policy," Comparative Education Review. 23, No. 2, June 1979, 183-217.

Sullivan, Michael. The Arts of China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1978.

______.. Short History of Chinese Art. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1967.

"A Time to Speak Out," Asiaweek [Hong Kong], June 22, 1986. 47-48, 53-56.

Townsend, James R., and Brantly Womack. Politics in China. (3d ed.) (Series in Comparative Politics:. Country Study.) Boston: Little, Brown, 1986.

Tung, Constantine, and Colin Mackerras. Drama in the People's Republic of China. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1987.

Unger, Jonathan. "The Chinese Controversy over Higher Education," Pacific Affairs [Vancouver], 53, No. 1, Spring 1980, 29-47.

Wang, Chi. "An Overview of Libraries in the People's Republic of China," China Exchange News. 12, No. 3, September 1984, 1- 5.

Wang, Shu-shin. "The Rise and Fall of the Campaign Against Spiritual Pollution in the People's Republic of China," Asian Affairs: An American Review. 13, No. 1, Spring 1986, 47-62.

Wei Liming. "Criticism: Key to Flourishing Culture," Beijing Review [Beijing], 29, No. 27, July 7, 1986, 14-19.

World Bank. China: Issues and Prospects in Education, Annex.. Washington: 1985.

Wyman, Molly E. "An Industry Struggles to Meet Demand: The Lure of Television," China Business Review. September-October 1985, 14-21.

Zheng Zhensun. People's Republic of China Year Book, 1985. Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 1985.

Zhongguo Dianying Nianjian, 1983 (Chinese Motion Picture Yearbook, 1983). Beijing: Zhongguo Dianying Chubanshe (China Motion Picture Publishing House), 1984.

Chapter 5

Barker, Randolph, and Radha Sinha, (eds.), with Beth Rose. The Chinese Agricultural Economy. (Westview Special Studies on China and East Asia.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

Byrd, William A. China's Financial System: The Changing Role of Banks. Boulder: Westview Press, 1983.

Chen, Nai-Ruenn. Chinese Economic Statistics. Chicago: Aldine, 1967.

Chen, Nai-Ruenn, and Walter Galenson. The Chinese Economy under Communism. Chicago: Aldine, 1969.

China. State Statistical Bureau, Statistical Yearbook of China, 1986. Hong Kong: Economic Information. Agency, 1986.

Chinese Woodcutters' Association (comp.). Woodcuts of Wartime China, 1937-1945. Shanghai: Kaiming, 1946.

Chow, Gregory C. The Chinese Economy. New York: Harper. Row, 1985.

Congressional Quarterly. China: U.S. Policy since 1945. Washington: 1980.

Crook, Frederick W. "The Commune System in the People's Republic of China, 1963-1974." Pages 366-410 in United States Congress, 94th, 1st Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China:. Reassessment of the Economy. Washington: GPO, 1975.

Dernberger, Robert F. (ed.). China's Development Experience in Comparative Perspective. (Harvard East Asian Series, No. 93.) Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1980.

Donnithorne, Audrey. China's Economic System. London: Allen. Unwin, 1967.

Eckstein, Alexander. China's Economic Revolution. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Eckstein, Alexander (ed.). Quantitative Measures of China's Economic Output. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1980.

Elvin, Mark. The Pattern of the Chinese Past. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1973.

Feuerwerker, Albert. The Chinese Economy, ca. 1870-1911. V. (Michigan Papers in Chinese Studies.) Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1969.

______. Economic Trends in the Republic of China, 1912-1949. XXI. (Michigan Papers in Chinese Studies.) Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1977.

Gurley, John G. China's Economy and the Maoist Strategy. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1976.

Howe, Christopher. China's Economy:. Basic Guide. New York: Basic Books, 1978.

______. Employment and Economic Growth in Urban China, 1949-1957. London: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Hsiao, Katherine H. Money and Monetary Policy in Communist China. New York: Columbia University Press, 1971.

Hsu, Robert C. Food for One Billion: China's Agriculture since 1949. Boulder: Westview Press, 1983.

Lardy, Nicholas R. Agriculture in China's Modern Economic Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

______. Economic Growth and Distribution in China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Liu, Ta-Chung, and Kung-Chia Yeh. The Economy of the Chinese Mainland. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1965.

Myers, Ramon H. The Chinese Economy Past and Present. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1980.

Perkins, Dwight H. Agricultural Development in China, 1368-1968. Chicago: Aldine, 1969.

______. Market Control and Planning in Communist China. (Harvard Economic Studies.) Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966.

Perkins, Dwight H. (ed.). China's Modern Economy in Historical Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1975.

Perry, Elizabeth J., and Christine Wong (eds.). The Political Economy of Reform in Post-Mao China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Rawski, Thomas G. Economic Growth and Employment in China. (World Bank Research Publication.) New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Riskin, Carl. China's Political Economy: The Quest for Development since 1949. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. People's Republic of China Atlas. Washington: GPO, 1971.

______. National Foreign Assessment Center. China:. Statistical Compendium. (Research Paper, No. ER 79-10374.) Washington: July 1979.

______. China: Demand for Foreign Grain. (Research Paper, No. ER 79-10073.) Washington: January 1979.

______. China: The Continuing Search for. Modernization Strategy. (Research Paper, No. ER 80-10248.) Washington: April 1980.

______. Handbook of Economic Statistics, 1979. (Research Aid, No. ER 79-10274.) Washington: 1979.

United States. Congress. 90th, 1st Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). An Economic Profile of Mainland China. Washington: GPO, 1967.

United States. Congress. 92d, 2d Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). People's Republic of China: An Economic Assessment. Washington: GPO, 1972.

United States. Congress. 94th, 1st Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). China:. Reassessment of the Economy. Washington: GPO, 1975.

United States. Congress. 95th, 2d Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). Chinese Economy Post-Mao. Washington: GPO, 1978.

United States. Congress. 96th, 1st Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). Subcommittee on Priorities and Economy in Government. Allocation of Resources in the Soviet Union and China, 1979. Pt. 5. (Hearings June 26 and July 9, 1979.) Washington: GPO, 1980.

United States. Congress. 97th, 2d Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). China under the Four Modernizations. Pts.. and 2. Washington: GPO, 1982.

United States. Congress. 99th, 2d Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000. 2 vols. Washington: GPO, 1986.

World Bank. World Development Report, 1986. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Chapter 6

American Plant Studies Delegation. Plant Studies in the People's Republic of China. Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1975.

Barker, Randolph, and Radha Sinha, (eds.), with Beth Rose. The Chinese Agricultural Economy. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

Buck, John L. Land Utilization in China. Nanjing: University of Nanking, 1937.

Chinese Woodcutters' Association (comp.). Woodcuts of Wartime China, 1937-1945. Shanghai: Kaiming, 1946.

Crook, Frederick W. "The Commune System in the People's Republic of China, 1963-1974." Pages 366-410 in United States Congress, 94th, 1st Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China:. Reassessment of the Economy. Washington: GPO, 1975.

______. "The Reform of the Commune System and the Rise of the Township-Collective-Household System." Pages 354-375 in United States Congress, 99th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000, 1: The Four Modernizations. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Erisman, Alva L. "China: Agriculture in the 1970s." Pages 324-49 in United States Congress, 94th, 1st Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China:. Reassessment of the Economy. Washington: GPO, 1975.

Groen, Henry J. and James A. Kilpatrick. "China's Agricultural Production." Pages 607-52 in United States Congress, 95th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), Chinese Economy Post-Mao, 1: Policy and Performance. Washington: GPO, 1978.

Howe, Christopher. China's Economy:. Basic Guide. New York: Basic Books, 1978.

International Rice Research Institute. Rice Research and Production in China. Los Banos, Philippines: 1978.

Lardy, Nicholas R. Agriculture in China's Modern Economic Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Myers, Ramon H. The Chinese Economy Past and Present. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1980.

______. The Chinese Peasant Economy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Parish, William L., and Martin K. Whyte. Village and Family in Contemporary China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Perkins, Dwight H. Agricultural Development in China, 1368-1968. Chicago: Aldine, 1969.

Schran, Peter. The Development of Chinese Agriculture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1970.

Shen, T.H. Agricultural Resources of China. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1951.

Shue, Vivienne. Peasant China in Transition. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1980.

Stavis, Benedict. People's Communes and Rural Development in China. Ithaca, New York: Rural Development Committee, Center for International Studies, Cornell University, 1977.

Surls, Frederic M., and Francis Tuan. "China's Agriculture in the Eighties." Pages 419-48 in United States Congress, 97th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China under the Four Modernizations, 1: The Four Modernizations. Washington: GPO, 1982.

Tang, Anthony M., and Bruce Stone. Food Production in the People's Republic of China. Washington: International Food Policy Research Institute, 1980.

Tuan, Francis C., and Frederick W. Crook. Planning and Statistical Systems in China's Agriculture. (Economic Research Service, No. FAER-181.) Washington: Department of Agriculture, April 1983.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. China: International Trade Fourth Quarter, 1985. (Research Paper, No. EA CIT 86-001.) Washington: July 1986.

______. People's Republic of China Atlas. Washington: GPO, 1971.

United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service. Agricultural Statistics of the People's Republic of China, 1949-82. Statistical Bulletin, No. 714, October 1984.

______. China: Situation and Outlook Report. (No. RS-86-8.) Washington, July 1986.

Walker, Kenneth R. Food Grain Procurement and Consumption in China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

______. Planning in Chinese Agriculture: Socialization and the Private Sector. Chicago: Aldine, 1965.

Chapter 7

Bohnet, Armin, and Guntner Jaehne. "China's New Economic Policy," Intereconomics [Hamburg], 20, No. 1, January- February 1985, 43-51.

British Columbia. Ministry of International Trade and Investment. China: Economic Overview,. British Columbia Perspective. Victoria, British Columbia: 1986.

Burns, John P., and Stanley Rosen (eds.). Policy Conflicts in Post-Mao China:. Documentary Survey, with Analysis. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1986.

Chang, John K. Industrial Development in Pre-Communist China. Chicago: Aldine, 1969.

Cheng, Chu-yuan. China's Economic Development: Growth and Structural Change. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

Ch'en Te-sheng. "The Development of Town and Township Enterprises in Mainland China since 1979," Issues. Studies [Taipei], 22, No. 10, October 1986, 67-88.

China. State Statistical Bureau. Statistical Yearbook of China, 1984. Hong Kong: Economic Information. Agency, December 1984.

China Handbook Editorial Committe. China Handbook Series: Economy. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1984.

Chow, Gregory C. The Chinese Economy. New York: Harper. Row, 1985.

Clark, Allen L., James P. Dorian, and Powfoong Fan. "An Estimate of the Mineral Resources of China," Resources Policy [Guildford, United Kingdom], 13, No. 1, March 1987, 68-84.

Conroy, Richard. "Technological Innovation in China's Recent Industrialization," China Quarterly [London], No. 97, March 1984, 1-23.

Field, Robert Michael. "Changes in Chinese Industry since 1978," China Quarterly [London], No. 100, December 1984, 742-61.

Henley, John S., and Mee-Kau Nyau. "Reforming Chinese Industrial Management," Euro-Asia Business Review [Chichester, United Kingdom], 5, No. 3, July 1986, 10-15.

Howe, Christopher. China's Economy:. Basic Guide. New York: Basic Books, 1978.

Khanna, Anupam. Issues in the Technological Development of China's Electronic Sector. (World Bank Staff Working Papers, No. 762.) Washington: World Bank, 1986.

Klenner, Wolfgang. "Economic Reforms in the Industrial Sector of the Peoples Republic of China," Intereconomics [Hamburg], 18, No. 5, September-October 1983, 245-50.

Lim, Edwin, et al. China: Long-Term Development Issues and Options: The Report of. Mission Sent to China by the World Bank. (World Bank Country Economic Report.) Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Pollack, Jonathan D. The R&D Process and Technological lnnovation in the Chinese Industrial System. (R-3284.) Santa Monica: Rand, 1985.

Prybyla, Jan S. "China's Economic Experiment: From Mao to Market," Problems of Communism. 35, No. 1, January-February 1986, 21-38.

Rawski, Thomas G. China's Transition to Industrialism. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1980.

Riva, Joseph P., Jr. "The Petroleum Endowment of China," Congressional Research Service Review. 7, No. 6, June 1986, 19-22.

Simon, Denis Fred. "The Challenge of Modernizing Industrial Technology in China," Asian Survey. 26, No. 4, April 1986, 420-39.

Solinger, Dorothy J. "China's New Economic Policies and the Local Industrial Political Process: The Case of Wuhan," Comparative Politics. 18, No. 1, July 1986, 379-99.

Tidrick, Gene. Productivity, Growth, and Technological Change in Chinese Industry. (World Bank Staff Working Papers, No. 761.) Washington: World Bank, 1986.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Handbook of Economic Statistics, 1986. (Reference Aid, No. CPAS 86-10002.) Washington: September 1986.

United States. Congress. 98th, 2d Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Special Subcommittee on United States Trade with China. China's Offshore Oil Development and the Energy Security of the Pacific Rim. (Hearings February 28, 1984.) Washington: GPO, 1984. United States. Congress. 99th, 2d Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000. 2 vols. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Walder, Andrew G. "China Turns to Industry Reform," Challenge. 28, No. 1, March-April 1985, 42-47.

Warwick, Graham. "China: Rebuilding an Industry," Flight International [London], June 28, 1986, 28-29.

Woodward, Dennis. "China's Industrial Reform Policy," Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs [Canberra], No. 14, July 1985, 85-104.

World Bank. China: Long-Term Development Issues and Options, Annex 3: China: The Energy Sector. (World Bank Country Study.) Washington, 1983.

______. China: Long-Term Development Issues and Options, Annex 5: China: Economic Structure in International Perspective. (World Bank Country Study.) Washington, 1985.

______. China: Socialist Economic Development. 1 and 2. (World Bank Country Study.) Washington: 1983.

Yeh, K.C. Industrial Innovation in China with Special Reference to the Metallurgical Industry. (Rand Notes, N-2307.) Santa Monica: Rand, 1985.

Chapter 8

Almanac of China's Economy. Beijing: Beijing Economic Management Press, 1985.

"Aviation and Airport Development," China Transport [Hong Kong], 2, No. 2, Summer 1986, 72-74.

Batsavage, Richard E., and John L. Davie. "China's International Trade and Finance." Pages 707-41 in United States Congress, 95th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), Chinese Economy Post-Mao. Washington: GPO, 1978.

Bernstein, Thomas P. "Reforming Chinese Agriculture," China Business Review. 12, No. 2, March-April 1985, 45-49.

Chao Yu-sen. "Promotion of Lateral Economic Ties on Chinese Mainland," Issues. Studies [Taipei], 22, No. 7, July 1986, 5-9.

Chen, Nai-Ruenn. "China's Foreign Trade, 1950-74." Pages 617-52 in United States Congress, 94th, 1st Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China:. Reassessment of the Economy. Washington: GPO, 1975.

Chen, Nai-Ruenn, and Jeffrey Lee. China's Economy and Foreign Trade, 1981-85. Washington: Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, 1984.

Chen Muhua. "Major Reform of China's Foreign Trade System," PRC Quarterly [Beijing] No. 4, January 1985, 86-88.

China. General Administration of Customs. Chinese Customs Statistics, No.. (1987) [Hong Kong], April 1987, table 4, 92, Business China [Hong Kong], June 22, 1987.

China. State Statistical Bureau. Statistical Yearbook of China, 1984. Hong Kong: Economic Information. Agency, 1984.

China's Economic Construction: 100 Projects. Beijing: China Pictorial, 1984.

"China's Rural Reforms," New China Quarterly [Hong Kong], No. 1, July 1986, 57, 60-61.

China Urban Statistics, 1985. Beijing: Longman Group and China Statistical Information and Consultancy Service, 1985.

Craig, Jack. "China: Domestic and International Telecommunications, 1949-74." Pages 289-310 in United States Congress, 94th, 1st Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China:. Reassessment of the Economy. Washington: GPO, 1975.

Draper, Rosemary. "Uncertain Course for Inland Waterways," China Business Review. 13, No. 4, July-August 1986, 20-26.

"Eat from the Great Bowl or `Insure Yourself'," China News Analysis [Hong Kong], No. 1322, November 15, 1986, 1-9.

Eckstein, Alexander. China's Economic Revolution. New York: Cambridge, University Press, 1977.

________. Communist China's Economic Growth and Foreign Trade. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966.

Editorial Committee of the China Official Yearbook. The China Official Yearbook, 1985.. Hong Kong: Salem International Publications, 1985.

Ellman, Michael. "Economic Reform in China," International Affairs [London], 62, No. 3, Summer 1986, 423-42.

Engle, Tom. "CITIC: Pacesetting Corporation," China Business Review. 12, No. 4, July-August 1985, 6-10.

Frankenstein, John. "Understanding Chinese Trade," Current History. 85, No. 512, September 1986, 257-60, 274-75.

Gold, Thomas B. "China's Private Entrepreneurs," China Business Review. 12, No. 6, November-December 1985, 46-50.

"The Highways Bureau," China Transport [Beijing], 2, No. 2, Summer 1986, 66-68.

International Monetary Fund. International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 1986. Washington; 1986.

Kueh,Y.Y., and Christopher Howe. "China's International Trade: Policy and Organizational Change and Their Place in the `Economic Readjustment'," China Quarterly [London], No. 100, December 1984, 813-48.

LoPinto, Beverly. "Airport Development," China Business Review. 13, No. 4, July- August 1986, 43-48.

Mah, Feng-hwa. The Foreign Trade of Mainland China. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton, 1971.

Nakajima, Seiichi. "Transport and the 7th Five-Year Plan," China Newsletter [Tokyo], No. 61, March-April 1986, 12-16.

"A New Look at Communications," China Transport [Beijing], 2, No. 2, Summer 1986, 58-61.

Oi, Jean C. "Peasant Grain Marketing and State Procurement: China's Grain Contracting System," China Quarterly [London], No. 106, June 1986, 272- 90.

People's Republic of China Year Book, 1986. Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 1986.

"Railway Growth -- the Details," China Transport [Beijing], 2, No. 2, Summer 1986, 69-70.

Ross, Madelyn C. "Civil Aviation," China Business Review. 11, No. 3, May-June 1984, 50-55.

"Satellite Network Goes on Line," Beijing Review [Beijing], 29, No. 29, July 21, 1986, 29.

Seto, May. "Modernization and the Media: China's TV, Radio, and Publications Experience:. Renaissance," China Business Review. 12, No. 5, September-October 1985, 10-13.

Shi Hao. "Yijiubawu Nian de Zhonggong Jiaotong" (The Chinese Communist Communications in 1985), Studies on Chinese Communism [Taipei], 20, No. 2, February 15, 1986, 44-58.

Skinner, G. William. "Rural Marketing in China: Repression and Revival," China Quarterly [London], No. 103, September 1985, 393-413.

Terrill, Ross. "Peking: Waiting to be Modernized," New Republic [Vancouver], August 1980, 8-16.

Theroux, Eugene A. "Legal and Practical Problems in the China Trade." Pages 539-99 in United States Congress, 94th, 1st Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China:. Reassessment of the Economy. Washington: GPO, 1975.

Thoburn, John. "China's Special Economic Zones Revisited," Euro-Asia Business Review [Chichester, United Kingdom], 5, No. 4, October 1986, 44-49.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Central Government Organizations of the People's Republic of China. (Reference Aid CR 86-11028.) Washington: 1986.

______. China: International Trade Fourth Quarter, 1984. (Reference Aid EA CIT 85- 002.) Washington: 1985.

______. Handbook of Economic Statistics, 1986. (Reference Aid CPAS 86-10002.) Washington: 1986.

______. Major Foreign Trade Organizations of the People's Republic of China. (Reference Aid CR 86-11030.) Washington: 1985.

______. The World Factbook, Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Six. (CR WF 86-001.) Washington: 1986.

United States. Congress. 99th, 2d Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000. 2 vols. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Venny, Jacques, and Lily. Uy. Transport in China. Washington: World Bank, 1985. Vetterling, Philip W., and James J. Wagg. "The Transportation Sector, 1950-1971." Pages 147-77 in United States Congress, 92d, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), People's Republic of China: An Economic Assessment. Washington: GPO, 1972.

Weil, Martin. "The Two Faces of Chinese Rail Technology," China Business Review. 11, No. 5, September- October 1984, 24-35.

World Bank. Long-Term Development Issues and Options, Annex 6: China: The Transport Sector. (World Bank Country Study.) Washington, 1985.

Wyman, Molly E. "The Lure of Television," China Business Review. 12, No. 5, September-October 1985, 14-25.

Yearbook on Chinese Communism, 1986. Taipei: Institute for the Study of Chinese Communist Problems, 1986.

Yenny, Jacques. "Modernizing China's Transport System," China Business Review. 13, No. 4, July-August 1986, 20-23.

Yoshida, Hiroshi. "China's Telecommunications Services." China Newsletter [Tokyo], No. 61, March-April 1986, 8-11.

Zhao Yutian. "Tourism in China Opens Up to Bright Prospects," New China Quarterly [Hong Kong], No. 1, July 1986, 18-21. Zheng Zhensun. People's Republic of China Year Book, 1985. Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 1985.

Chapter 9

Baark, Erik. "Information Infrastructures in India and China." Pages 86-141 in Erik Baark and Andrew Jamison (eds.), Technological Development in China, India, and Japan: Cross- Cultural Perspectives. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

______. "Putting Domestic Technology to Work," China Business Review. 14, No. 3, May-June 1987, 53-55.

Battat, Joseph Y. Management in Post-Mao China: An Insider's View. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1986.

Bauer, Eugene E. China Takes Off: Technology Transfer and Modernization. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1986.

Baum, Richard (ed.). China's Four Modernizations: The New Technological Revolution. Boulder: Westview Press, 1980.

Cheng, Chu-yuan. Scientific and Engineering Manpower in Communist China, 1949-1963. Washington: National Science Foundation, 1965.

Fischer, William A. "China's Scientific and Technological Policy: An Assessment." Pages 1-15 in Pierre M. Perrolle and Denis F. Simon (eds.), China's Scientific and Technological Modernization: Domestic and International Implications. (Occasional Paper, No. 11) Washington: East Asia Program, Wilson Center, 1982.

______. "Scientific and Technical Planning in the People's Republic of China," Technological Forecasting and Social Change. No. 25, May 1984, 189-207.

Goldman, Merle. China's Intellectuals: Advise and Dissent. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Grow, Roy F. "How Factories Choose Technology," China Business Review. 14, No. 3, May-June 1987, 35-39.

Heymann, Hans. "Acquisition and Diffusion of Technology in China." Pages 685-709 in United States Congress, 94th, 1st Session, Joint Economic Committee (eds.), China:. Reassessment of the Economy. Washington: GPO, 1975.

Khanna, Anupam. Issues in the Technological Development of China's Electronic Sector. (World Bank Staff Working Papers, No. 762.) Washington: World Bank, 1986.

Needham, Joseph. Science and Civilisation in China. 1-6. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954-86.

Orleans, Leo A. "Chinese Students and Technology Transfer," Journal of Northeast Asian Studies. 4, No. 4, Winter 1985, 3- 25.

______. Professional Manpower and Education in Communist China. Washington: National Science Foundation, 1961.

______. "Science, Elitism, and Economic Readjustment." Pages 475-88 in United States Congress, 97th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China under the Four Modernizations. Pt. 1. Washington: GPO, 1982.

______. The Training and Utilization of Scientific and Engineering Manpower in the People's Republic of China. United States Congress, 98th, 1st Session, House of Representatives, Committee on Science and Technology, Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology. Washington: GPO, 1983.

Orleans, Leo A. (ed.). Science in Contemporary China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1980. Pollack, Jonathan D. The Chinese Electronics Industry in Transition. (Rand Notes, N- 2306.) Santa Monica: Rand, 1985.

Ridley, Charles P. China's Scientific Policies: Implications for International Cooperation. (AEI-Hoover Policy Studies.) Washington: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1976.

Simon, Denis Fred. "China's Capacity to Assimilate Foreign Technology: An Assessment." Pages 514-52 in United States Congress, 97th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China under the Four Modernizations. Pt. 1. Washington: GPO, 1982.

______. "China's S&T Intellectuals in the Post-Mao Era:. Retrospective and Prospective Glimpse," Journal of Northeast Asian Studies. 4, No. 2, Summer 1985, 57-82.

______. "Chinese-Style S&T Modernization:. Comparison of PRC and Taiwan Approaches," Studies in Comparative Communism. 17, No. 2, Summer 1984, 87-109.

______. "The Evolving Role of Technology Transfer in China's Modernization." Pages 254-86 in United States Congress, 99th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000, 2: Economic Openness in Modernizing China. Washington: GPO, 1986.

______. "Rethinking R&D," China Business Review. 10, No. 4, July-August 1983, 25- 31.

Suttmeier, Richard P. "The Institutional Structure for Industrial Research and Development in China." Pages 125-49 in Richard Baum (ed.), China's Four Modernizations: The New Technological Revolution. Boulder: Westview Press, 1980.

______. "Overview: Science and Technology under Reform." Pages 199-215 in United States Congress, 99th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000, 2: Economic Openness in Modernizing China. Washington: GPO, 1986.

______. Research and Revolution: Science Policy and Societal Change in China. Lexington, Massachusetts: Heath, 1974.

______. "Research, Innovation, and the Chinese Political Economy," Pages 489-513 in United States Congress, 97th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China under the Four Modernizations. Pt. 1. Washington: GPO, 1982.

Tang, Tong B. Science and Technology in China. London: Longman, 1984.

Tidrick, Gene. Productivity, Growth, and Technological Change in Chinese Industry. (World Bank Staff Working Papers, No. 761.) Washington: World Bank, 1986.

Tow, William T. "Science and Technology in China's Defense," Problems of Communism. 34, July-August 1985, 15-31.

United States. Congress. 98th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Special Subcommittee on United States Trade with China. Science and Technology: Cooperation Between the United States and China. Washington: GPO, 1983.

United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment. "Technology Transfer to China." (OTA-ISC-340.) Washington: GPO, July 1987.

Volti, Rudi. Technology, Politics, and Society in China. (Westview Special Studies on China and East Asia.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

Wei Liming. "China's Scientists Vindicate Their Vocation," Beijing Review [Beijing], 29, No. 41, October 13, 1986, 14- 19.

World Bank. China: Long-Term Development Issues and Options. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Wu, Yuan-li, and Robert B. Sheeks. The Organization and Support of Scientific Research and Development in Mainland China. New York: Praeger, 1970.

Xu Liangying and Fan Dainian. Pierre M. Perrolle (ed.). Science and Socialist Construction in China. (Trans., John C.S. Hsu.) Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1982.

Yeh, K.C. Industrial Innovation in China with Special Reference to the Metallurgical Industry. (Rand Notes, N-2307.) Santa Monica: Rand, 1985.

Chapter 10

Ahn, Byung-joon. Chinese Politics and the Cultural Revolution: Dynamics of Policy Processes. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1977.

Barnett, A. Doak. Cadres, Bureaucracy, and Political Power in Communist China. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967.

Barnett, A. Doak, and Ralph N. Clough (eds.). Modernizing China: Post-Mao Reform and Development. Boulder: Westview Press, 1986.

Baum, Richard. "Modernization and Legal Reform in Post-Mao China: The Rebirth of Socialist Legality," Studies in Comparative Communism. 19, No. 2, Summer 1986, 69-103.

Bedeski, Robert E. "The Concept of the State: Sun Yat-sen and Mao Tse-tung," China Quarterly [London], No. 70, June 1977, 338- 54.

Burns, John P., and Stanley Rosen (eds.). Policy Conflicts in Post-Mao China:. Documentary Survey, with Analysis. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1986.

Chan, Steve. "Chinese Conflict Calculus and Behavior: Assessment from. Perspective of Conflict Management," World Politics. 30, No. 3, April 1978, 391-410.

Chang, David W. Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping in the Chinese Leadership Succession Crisis. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1984.

Chang, Parris H. Elite Conflict in the Post- Mao China. (Occasional Papers Reprints Series in Contemporary Asian Studies, No. 2, 1983 [55].) Baltimore: School of Law, University of Maryland, 1983.

______. Radicals and Radical Ideology in China's Cultural Revolution. New York: Research Institute on Communist Affairs, Columbia University, 1973.

______. "The Tensions Behind the Peking Congress," Christian Science Monitor. August 29, 1980, 23.

China. "Constitution of the Communist Party of China," Beijing Review [Beijing], 25, No. 38, September 20, 1982, 8-21.

______. "Constitution of the People's Republic of China," Beijing Review [Beijing], 21, No. 11, March 17, 1978, 5-14.

______. "Constitution of the People's Republic of China," Beijing Review [Beijing], 25, No. 52, December 27, 1982, 10- 29.

Chiu, Hungdah. The 1982 Constitution and the Rule of Law. (Occasional Papers Reprints Series in Contemporary Asian Studies, No. 4, 1985 [69].) Baltimore: School of Law, University of Maryland, 1985.

Chiu, Hungdah, and Shao-chuan Leng (eds.). China: Seventy Years after the 1911 Hsin- Hai Revolution. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1984.

Deng Xiaoping. Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1984.

Domes, Jurgen. The Government and Politics of the PRC:. Time of Transition. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Epstein, Edward. "The Law Leaps Ahead," Far Eastern Economic Review [Hong Kong], April 17, 1986, 52.

Falkenheim, Victor C. "County Administration in Fukien," China Quarterly [London], No. 59, July-September 1974, 518-43.

______. Chinese Politics and the Succession to Mao. New York: Holmes and Meier, 1982.

Godwin, Paul H.B. "The PLA and Political Control in China's Provinces:. Structural Analysis," Comparative Politics. 9, No. 1, October 1976, 1-20.

Goodman, David S.G. "The National CCP Conference of September 1985 and China's Leadership Changes," China Quarterly [London], No. 105, March 1986, 123-30.

Hinton, Harold C. (ed.). The People's Republic of China, 1979-84:. Documentary Survey. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, 1986.

Houn, Franklin W. "Constitution and Government." Pages 221-39 in Yuan-li Wu (ed.), China:. Handbook. New York: Praeger, 1973.

Howkins, John. China Media Industry Report. New York: Nord Media, 1980.

Jacobson, Harald W. "The Political System." Pages 99-173 in Harold C. Hinton (ed.), The People's Republic of China:. Handbook. Boulder: Westview Press, 1979.

Kallgren, Joyce K. "China in 1978: The New Long March," Asian Survey. 19, No. 1, January 1979, 1-19.

______. "China 1979: On Turning Thirty," Asian Survey. 20, No. 1, January 1980, 1- 18.

______. "The Chinese Communist Party: Structure, Membership, and Mass Organization." Pages 197-220 in Yuan-li Wu (ed.), China:. Handbook. New York: Praeger, 1973.

Lee, Ching Hua. Deng Xiaoping: The Marxist Road to the Forbidden City. Princeton: Kingston Press, 1985.

Lee, Hong Yung. The Politics of the Chinese Cultural Revolution:. Case Study. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1973.

Lieberthal, Kenneth. "The Politics of Modernization in the PRC," Problems of Communism. 27, No. 3, May-June 1978, 1-17.

Liu, Alan P.L. Communications and National Integration in Communist China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1971.

______. How China Is Ruled. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1986.

Lubman, Stanley B. "On Understanding Chinese Law and Legal Institutions," American Bar Association Journal. 62, May 1976, 596-99.

Manion, Melanie. "The Cadre Management System Post-Mao: The Appointment, Promotion, Transfer, and Removal of Party and State Leaders," China Quarterly [London], No. 102, June 1985, 203-33.

Meisner, Maurice. Mao's China and After:. History of the People's Republic. (rev ed.) (Transformation of Modern China series.) New York: Free Press, 1986.

Mills, William deB. "Leadership Change in China's Provinces," Problems of Communism. 34, No. 3, May-June 1985, 24- 40.

Montaperto, Ronald N. "Political Socialization: Two Paths -- the Maoist Approach," Problems of Communism. 22, No. 5, September-October 1973, 51-63.

Nathan, Andrew J. Chinese Democracy. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

______. "A Factionalism Model for CCP Politics," China Quarterly [London], No. 53, January-March 1973, 34-66.

______. "Policy Oscillations in the People's Republic of China:. Critique," China Quarterly [London], No. 68, December 1976, 720-33.

Nelsen, Harvey. "Military Forces in the Cultural Revolution," China Quarterly [London], No. 51, January-March 1972, 444- 74.

Ogden, Suzanne. "The Approach of the Chinese Communists to the Study of International Law, State Sovereignty, and the International System," China Quarterly [London], No. 70, June 1977, 315-37.

Oksenberg, Michel. "Methods of Communication Within the Chinese Bureaucracy," China Quarterly [London], No. 57, January-March 1974, 1-39.

Oksenberg, Michel (ed.). China's Developmental Experience. New York: Praeger, 1973.

Perrolle, Pierre M. (ed.). Fundamentals of the Chinese Communist Party. (China Book Project.) White Plains: International Arts and Sciences Press, 1976.

Qi Wen. China:. General Survey. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1979.

Qi Xin, et al. China's New Democracy -- with Full Texts of the Three Constitutions of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong: Cosmos Books, 1979.

Raddock, David M. "Between Generations: Activist Chinese Youth in Pursuit of. Political Role in the San-fan and in the Cultural Revolution," China Quarterly [London], No. 79, September 1979, 511-28.

Rice, Edward E. "Chinese Politics, 1973-76: The Second Rise and Fall of Teng Hsiao- p'ing," China Quarterly [London], No. 67, September 1976, 494-500.

Scalapino, Robert A. (ed.). Elites in the People's Republic of China. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1972.

Schram, Stuart R. (ed.). The Scope of State Power in China. London: School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 1985.

Schurmann, Franz. Ideology and Organization in Communist China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966.

Shambaugh, David L. The Making of. Premier: Zhao Ziyang's Provincial Career. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

Starr, John Bryan. Continuing Revolution: The Political Thought of Mao. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.

Stepanek, James B. "China's SEZs," China Business Review. 9, No. 2, March-April 1982, 38-40.

Terrill, Ross. "China in the 1980s," Foreign Affairs. 58, No. 4, Spring 1980, 920-35.

Tien, Hung-mao. The Communist Party of China: Party Powers and Group Politics from the Third Plenum to the Twelfth Party Congress. (Occasional Papers Reprints Series in Contemporary Asian Studies, No. 2, 1984 [61].) Baltimore: School of Law, University of Maryland, 1984.

Townsend, James R., and Brantly Womack. Politics in China. (3d ed.) (Series in Comparative Politics:. Country Study.) Boston: Little, Brown, 1986.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. National Foreign Assessment Center. China: The Continuing Search for. Modernization Strategy. (Research Paper, No. ER 80-10248.) Washington: April 1980.

United States. Congress. 99th, 2d Session. Joint Economic Committee (ed.). China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000, 1: The Four Modernizations. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Wang, James C.F. Contemporary Chinese Politics: An Introduction to Political Institutions and Processes. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

Weng, Byron S.J. (ed.). "Studies on the Constitutional Law of the People's Republic of China," Chinese Law and Government. 16, Nos. 2-3, Summer-Fall 1983, 3-192.

Zheng Zhensun. People's Republic of China Year Book, 1985. Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 1985.

Chapter 11

Barnett, A. Doak. Cadres, Bureaucracy, and Political Power in Communist China. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967.

______. "Ten Years after Mao," Foreign Affairs. 65, No. 1, Fall 1986, 37-65.

Barnett, A. Doak and Ralph N. Clough (eds.). Modernizing China: Post-Mao Reform and Development. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1986.

Baum, Richard (ed.). China's Four Modernizations: The New Technological Revolution. Boulder: Westview Press, 1980.

Brugger, Bill (ed.). Chinese Marxism in Flux, 1978-84. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1985.

Chang, David W. Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping in the Chinese Leadership Succession Crisis. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1984.

Chang, Parris H. Power and Policy in China. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1975.

______. "The Rise of Wang Tung-hsing: Head of China's Security Apparatus," China Quarterly [London], No. 73, March 1978, 122- 37.

Chen, Jerome (ed.). Mao. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1969.

Chen, Yung-fa. Making Revolution: The Communist Movement in Eastern and Central China, 1937-1945. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

Chi Hsin (pseud. for research group in Hong Kong). The Case of the Gang of Four. Hong Kong: Cosmos Books, 1977.

______. Teng Hsiao-ping:. Political Biography. Hong Kong: Cosmos Books, 1978.

Chi, Wen-shun. Ideological Conflicts in Modern China: Democracy and Authoritarianism. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1986.

Ching, Frank. "The Current Political Scene in China," China Quarterly [London], No. 80, December 1979, 691-715.

Clarke, Christopher M. "Reorganization and Modernization in Post-Mao China." Pages 90- 109 in United States Congress, 99th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee. China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000, 1: The Four Modernizations. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Dittmer, Lowell. "The Legacy of Mao Zedong," Asian Survey. 20, No. 5, May 1980, 552-73.

Domes, Jurgen. "China in 1977: Reversal of Verdicts," Asian Survey. 18, No. 1, January 1978, 1-16.

Falkenheim, Victor C. "Administrative Reform and Modernization in Post-Mao China," Pacific Affairs. 53, No. 1, Spring 1980, 5-28.

Gardner, John. China under Deng. (Conflict Studies, No. 197.) London: Centre for Security and Conflict Studies, 1987.

______. Chinese Politics and the Succession to Mao. New York: Holmes. Meier, 1982.

Goodman, David S.G. (ed.). Groups and Politics in the People's Republic of China. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1984.

______. "The National CCP Conference of September 1985 and China's Leadership Changes," China Quarterly [London], No. 105, March 1985, 123-30.

______. "The Second Plenary Session of the 12th CCP Central Committee: Rectification and Reform," China Quarterly [London], No. 97, March 1984, 84-90.

______. "State Reforms in the People's Republic of China since 1976:. Historical Perspective." Pages 116-32 in Stephen White and Daniel Nelson (eds.), Communist Politics:. Reader. New York: New York University Press, 1986.

Gottschalk, Marie. "The Politics of Change in China," Nation. 242, No. 4, February 1, 1986, 105-109.

Hamrin, Carol Lee. "Competing Political- Economic Strategies." Pages 72-89 in United States Congress, 99th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000, 1: The Four Modernizations. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Harding, Harry. "Competing Models of the Chinese Communist Policy Process: Toward. Sorting and Evaluation," Issues. Studies [Taipei], 20, No. 2, February 1984, 13-36.

______. "Political Development in Post-Mao China." Pages 13-37 in A. Doak Barnett and Ralph N. Clough (eds.), Modernizing China: Post-Mao Reform and Development. Boulder: Westview Press, 1986.

______. "Political Stability and Succession." Pages 49-71 in United States Congress, 99th, 2d Session, Joint Economic Committee (ed.), China's Economy Looks Toward the Year 2000, 1: The Four Modernizations. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Hinton, Harold C. (ed.). The People's Republic of China, 1979-84:. Documentary Survey. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, 1986.

Joseph, William A. "China's Modernization of Mao," Current History. 85, September 1986, 265-81.

Kallgren, Joyce. "China in 1983: The Turmoil of Modernization," Asian Survey. 24, No. 1, January 1984, 60-80.

______. "China 1979: On Turning Thirty," Asian Survey. 20, No. 1, January 1980, 1- 18.

Leys, Simon. "The End of Peking's Spring," Encounter [London], 54, No. 3, November 1979, 31-42.

Lieberthal, Kenneth. Central Documents and Politburo Politics in China. (Michigan Papers in Chinese Studies, No. 33.) Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1978.

Lin, Yi. "Achievements of the CCP Secretariat since Its Foundation," Tung Hsiang (Trends) [Hong Kong], No. 22, July 16, 1980, 16-17.

Mackerras, Colin. "`Party Consolidation' and the Attack on `Spiritual Pollution'," Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs [Canberra], No. 11, January 1984, 175-85.

Manion, Melanie. "The Cadre Management System, Post-Mao: The Appointment, Promotion, Transfer and Removal of Party and State Leaders," China Quarterly [London], No. 102, June 1985, 203-33.

Meisner, Maurice. Mao's China and After:. History of the People's Republic. New York: The Free Press, 1986.

Moody, Peter R., Jr. Chinese Politics after Mao: Development and Liberalization, 1976 to 1983. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Nathan, Andrew J. Chinese Democracy. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

Oi, Jean C. "Commercializing China's Rural Cadres," Problems of Communism. 35, No. 5, September-October 1986, 1-15.

Oksenberg, Michel. "The Exit Pattern from Chinese Politics," China Quarterly [London], No. 67, September 1976, 501-18.

Oksenberg, Michel, and Richard Bush. "China's Political Evolution: 1972-1982," Problems of Communism. 31, No. 5, September-October 1982, 1-19.

Oksenberg, Michel, and Sai-chang Yeung. "Hua Kuo-feng's Pre-Cultural Revolution Hunan Years, 1949-66: The Making of. Political Generalist," China Quarterly [London], No. 69, March 1977, 1-53.

Onate, Andres D. "Hua Kuo-feng and the Arrest of the `Gang of Four'," China Quarterly [London], No. 75, September 1978, 540-65.

Pye, Lucian W. Asian Power and Politics: The Cultural Dimensions of Authority. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985.

______. The Dynamics of Factions and Consensus in Chinese Politics:. Model and Some Propositions. (R-2566-AF.) Santa Monica: Rand, 1980.

______. "On Chinese Pragmatism in the 1980s," China Quarterly [London], No. 106, June 1986, 207-34.

Rice, Edward E. "The Second Rise and Fall of Teng Hsiao-ping," China Quarterly [London], No. 67, September 1976, 494-500.

Rosen, Stanley. "China in 1986:. Year of Consolidation," Asian Survey. 27, No. 1, January 1987, 35-55.

Schram, Stuart R. "`Economics in Command?' Ideology and Policy since the Third Plenum, 1978-84," China Quarterly [London], No. 99, September 1984, 417-61.

______. Mao Tse-tung. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1967.

Schurmann, Franz. Ideology and Organization in Communist China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966.

Schwarcz, Vera. The Chinese Enlightenment: Intellectuals and the Legacy of the May Fourth Movement of 1919. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

Selden, Mark, and Victor Lippit (eds.). The Transition to Socialism in China. Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1982.

Shaw, Yu-ming (ed.). Power and Policy in the PRC. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Solomon, Richard H. Mao's Revolution and the Chinese Political Culture. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1971.

Stacey, Judith. Patriarchy and Socialist Revolution in China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1983.

Teiwes, Frederick C. Politics and Purges in China. White Plains: Sharpe, 1979.

______. "`Rules of the Game' in Chinese Politics," Problems of Communism. 28, Nos. 5-6, September-December 1979, 67-76.

Townsend, James R., and Brantly Womack. Politics in China. Boston: Little, Brown, 1986.

Wang, Ting. "A Concise Biography of Hua Kuo- feng," Chinese Law and Government. 11, No. 1, Spring 1978, 1-71.

Wilson, Dick. Chou: The Story of Zhou Enlai, 1898-1976. London: Hutchinson, 1984.

Wilson, Dick (ed.). Mao Tse-tung in the Scales of History:. Preliminary Assessment. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Womack, Brantly. "Politics and Epistemology in China since Mao," China Quarterly [London], No. 80, December 1979, 768-92.

Chapter 12

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Chang, Luke T. China's Boundary Treaties and Frontier Disputes. London: Oceana, 1982.

Chang, Pao-min. "Sino-Vietnamese Territorial Dispute," Asia Pacific Community [Tokyo], No. 28, Spring 1985, 74-87.

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"Chinese Foreign Relations: Adaptation,. Sign of Continuity," China News Analysis [Hong Kong], No. 1309, May 1, 1986, 1-10.

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Fairbank, John K. China Perceived: Images and Policies in Chinese-American Relations. New York: Knopf, 1974.

______. The United States and China. (4th ed.) Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.

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Green, Elizabeth E. "China and Mongolia: Recurring Trends and Prospects for Change," Asian Survey. 26, No. 12, December 1986, 1337-63.

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Griffith, William E. "China and Europe: `Weak and Far Away'." Pages 159-77 in Richard H. Solomon (ed.), The China Factor: Sino- American Relations and the Global Scene. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1981.

______. "Sino-Soviet Rapprochement?" Problems of Communism. 32, No. 2, March- April 1983, 20-29.

Gurtov, Melvin, and Byong-Moo Hwang. China under Threat: The Politics of Strategy and Diplomacy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.

Hamrin, Carol Lee. "Emergence of an `Independent' Chinese Foreign Policy and Shifts in Sino-US Relations." Pages 63-84 in James C. Hsiung (ed.), US-Asian Relations: The National Security Paradox. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Harding, Harry. "Change and Continuity in Chinese Foreign Policy," Problems of Communism. 32, No. 2, March-April 1983, 1- 29.

______. "China and the Third World: From Revolution to Containment." Pages 257-95 in Richard H. Solomon (ed.), The China Factor: Sino-American Relations and the Global Scene. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1981.

______. "China's Changing Role in the Contemporary World." Pages 177-223 in Harry Harding (ed.), China's Foreign Relations in the 1980s. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.

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Harris, Lillian Craig. "China's Islamic Connection," Asian Affairs. 8, No. 5, May-June 1981, 362-72.

Harris, Lillian Craig, and Robert L. Worden (eds.). China and the Third World: Champion or Challenger? Dover, Massachusetts: Auburn House, 1986.

Hartland-Thunberg, Penelope. "China's Modernization:. Challenge for the GATT," Washington Quarterly. 10, No. 2, Spring 1987, 81-97.

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Hinton, Harold C. "Interpretations of Mainland China's Recent Foreign Policy." Pages 649-60 in Yu-ming Shaw (ed.), Mainland China: Politics, Economics, and Reform. Boulder: Westview Press, 1986.

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Hsueh, Chun-tu (ed.). China's Foreign Relations: New Perspectives. New York: Praeger, 1982.

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"International Relations Studies," China Exchange News. 13, No. 2, June 1985, 1-17.

Ismael, Tareq Y. "The People's Republic of China and the Middle East." Pages 199-226 in Tareq Y. Ismael (ed.), International Relations of the Contemporary Middle East. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

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Jones, Peter, and Sian Kevill. China and the Soviet Union, 1949-84. New York: Facts on File, 1985.

Kihl, Young Whan, and Lawrence E. Grinter. Asian-Pacific Security: Emerging Challenges and Responses. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1986.

Kim, Hong N., and Jack L. Hammersmith. "US- China Relations in the Post-Normalization Era, 1979-1985," Pacific Affairs [Vancouver], 59, No. 1, Spring 1986, 69-91.

Kim, Samuel S. "China and the Third World: In Search of. Neorealist World Policy." Pages 178-211 in Samuel S. Kim (ed.), China and the World: Chinese Foreign Policy in the Post- Mao Era. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

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Kim, Samuel S. (ed.). China and the World: Chinese Foreign Policy in the Post-Mao Era. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

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Larkin, Bruce D. "China and the Third World in Global Perspective." Pages 63-84 in James C. Hsiung and Samuel S. Kim (eds.), China in the Global Community. New York: Praeger, 1980.

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Li Huichuan. "The Crux of the Sino-Soviet Boundary Question," (Pt. 1), Beijing Review [Beijing], 24, No. 30, July 27, 1981, 12-17.

______. "The Crux of the Sino-Soviet Boundary Question," (Pt. 2), Beijing Review [Beijing], 24, No. 31, August 3, 1981, 13- 16.

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Mao Zedong. Report to the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1968.

Melman, Yossi, and Ruth Sinai. "Israeli- Chinese Relations and Their Future Prospects: From Shadow to Sunlight," Asian Survey. 27, No. 4, April 1987, 395-407.

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Oksenberg, Michel, and Robert B. Oxnam. Dragon and Eagle: United States-China Relations, Past and Future. New York: Basic Books, 1978.

O'Leary, Greg. "Chinese Foreign Policy -- From `Anti-Imperialism' to `Anti-Hegemonism'." Pages 203-52 in Bill Brugger (ed.), China: The Impact of the Cultural Revolution. New York: Barnes. Noble, 1978.

Pollack, Jonathan D. The Lessons of Coalition Politics: Sino-American Security Relations. (R-3133-AF.) Santa Monica: Rand, 1984.

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Robinson, Thomas W. "The United States and China in the New Balance of Power," Current History. 84, No. 503, September 1985, 241- 44, 281.

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Segal, Gerald. "China and Afghanistan," Asian Survey. 21, No. 11, November 1981, 1158-74.

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Simon, Sheldon W. "The Two Southeast Asias and China: Security Perspectives," Asian Survey. 24, No. 5, May 1984, 519-33. Sobell, Vladimir. "The Reconciliation Between China and Eastern Europe," Washington Quarterly. 10, No. 2, Spring 1987, 99-109.

Solomon, Richard H. "The China Factor in America's Foreign Relations: Perceptions and Policy Choices." Pages 1-47 in Richard H. Solomon (ed.), The China Factor: Sino- American Relations and the Global Scene. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1981.

Starr, John Bryan. "Sino-American Relations: Policies in Tandem," Current History. 85, No. 512, September 1986, 241-44, 277-78.

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______. Chinese Foreign Policy: Developments after Mao. New York: Praeger, 1986.

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______. "The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China." Pages 154- 61 in Zara Steiner (ed.), The Times Survey of Foreign Ministries of the World. London: Times Books, 1982.

______. Towards the End of Isolationism: China's Foreign Policy after Mao. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1983.

Yearbook of International Organizations, 1984-85. Brussels: Union of International Organizations, 1984.

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Zhang Jia-lin. "Assessing United States-China Relations," Current History. 84, No. 503, September 1985, 245-47, 304.

Chapter 13

Baker, Beverly G. "Chinese Law in the Eighties: The Lawyer and the Criminal Process," Albany Law Review. 46, No. 3, Spring 1982, 751-75.

Berney, Karen A. "China's New Revolution Introduces Democracy," China Business Review. 4, No. 5, September-October 1979, 45-49.

Blaustein, Albert O. (ed.). Fundamental Legal Documents of Communist China. South Hackensack, New Jersey: Rothman, 1962.

Bodde, Derk, and Clarence Morris. Law in Imperial China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Bowden, Tom, and David S.G. Goodman. "The Heroes of Tien An Men: Public Security in China," Journal of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence Studies [London], 121, No. 4, December 1976, 20-26.

Braybrooke, George. "Recent Developments in Chinese Social Science, 1977-79," China Quarterly [London], No. 79, September 1979, 593-606.

Chang Gong. "Renmin Sifa Gongzuo de Hao Zhangcheng" (A Good Guideline for Administering People's Justice), Faxue Yanjiu (Studies in Law) [Beijing], April 1979, 34-37.

Chen, Phillip M. Law and Justice: The Legal System in China, 2400 B.C. to 1960 A.D. New York: Dunellen, 1973.

Chen Shouyi, Liu Shengping, and Zhao Zhenping. "Wo Guo Fazhi Jianshe Sanshi Nian" (Thirty Years of Our Country's Legal System), Faxue Yanjiu (Studies in Law) [Beijing], April 1979, 1-8.

China. New China News Agency. "Completely Smash the Feudal, Capitalist, and Revisionist Legal System," Chinese Law and Government. 2, No. 4, Winter 1969-70, 7- 11.

Ch'u, T'ung-shu. Law and Society in Traditional China. (no.. of Le Monde d'outre-ma, passe et present. 1. Series, etudes.) Paris: Mouton, 1965.

Cohen, Jerome Alan. "China's Changing Constitution," China Quarterly [London], No. 76, December 1978, 794-841.

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Epstein, Edward J. "The Evolution of China's General Principles of Civil Law," American Journal of Comparative Law. 34, No. 4, Fall 1986, 705-14.

Fairbank, John King, Edwin O. Reischauer, and Albert M. Craig. East Asia: Tradition and Transformation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

Fan Fenglin. "Tan Tan Rending Fanzui de Jige Jiben Wenti" (Discussing Some Basic Problems in Determining Guilt), Faxue Yanjiu (Studies in Law) [Beijing], April 1979, 29- 33, 41.

Gardner, John. "The Chinese Constitution of 1975," Government and Opposition [London], 11, No. 2, Spring 1976, 212-23.

Gelhorn, Ernest. "The Developing Role of Law and Lawyers in China: Introduction," Albany Law Review. 46, No. 3, Spring 1982, 687- 90.

Herman, Richard A. "The Education of China's Lawyers," Albany Law Review. 46, No. 3, Spring 1982, 789-804.

Hiramatsu, Shigeo, and Koichiro Takahashi. "Chugoku Jinmin Buso Keisatsu Budai no Sosetsu" (The Founding of the Chinese People's Armed Police Force), Kokubo (National Defense) [Tokyo], February 1984, 8- 28.

Hsia, Tao-tai, and Kathryn A. Haun. The 1975 Revised Constitution of the People's Republic of China. Washington: Law Library, Library of Congress, 1975.

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______. The Re-Emergence of the Procuratorial System in the People's Republic of China. Washington: Law Library, Library of Congress, 1978.

Hsia, Tao-tai, and Constance Axinn Johnson. Law Making in the People's Republic of China: Terms, Procedures, Hierarchy, and Interpretation. Washington: Law Library, Library of Congress, 1986.

______. The Chinese Communist Party Constitution of 1982: Deng Xiaoping's Program for Modernization. Washington: Law Library, Library of Congress, 1984.

Hsia, Tao-tai, Charlotte A. Hambley, and Constance A. Johnson. "Introduction to the State Secrets Laws of the People's Republic of China," China Law Reporter. 2, No. 4, Fall 1983, 267-78.

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Hsueh, Chun-tu. "China in 1975: The New Constitution," Problems of Communism. 14, No. 3, May-June 1975, 11-19.

Hucker, Charles O. China's Imperial Past. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1975.

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Keith, Ronald C. "Transcript of Discussions with Wu Daying and Zhang Zhonglin Concerning Legal Change," China Quarterly [London], No. 81, March 1980, 111-21.

Koeltl, John G. "Civil Rights and Liberties in China," Albany Law Review. 46, No. 3, Spring 1982, 740-50.

Lamb, Franklin P. "An Interview with Chinese Legal Officials," China Quarterly [London], No. 66, June 1976, 323-27.

Lan Quanpu. Sanshi Nian Lai Wo Guo Fagui Yange Gaikuang (Thirty Years of Legal Reform in Our Country). Beijing: Qunzhong Chubanshe (The Masses Publishing House), 1980.

Latourette, Kenneth Scott. The Chinese: Their History and Culture. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

"Laymen Learn about the Law," China Reconstructs [Beijing], 36, No. 3, March 1987, 64.

Leng, Shao-chuan. "Crime and Punishment in Post-Mao China," China Law Reporter. 2, No. 1, Spring 1982, 5-33.

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Leng, Shao-chuan, and Hungdah Chiu. Criminal Justice in Post-Mao China: Analysis and Documents. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1985.

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______. Law Without Lawyers. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1977.

______. "The Public Security Bureau and Political-Legal Work in Hui-yang, 1952-64." Pages 51-74 in John Wilson Lewis (ed.), The City in Communist China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1971.

Li Xunzhou. "Xin Zujiande Zhongguo Renmin Wuzhuang Jingcha Budui" (The Newly Organized Chinese People's Armed Police Force), Jiefangjun Huabao (Liberation Army Pictorial) [Beijing], May 1983, 1-3.

Lieberthal, Kenneth. "The Politics of Modernization in the PRC," Problems of Communism. 27, No. 3, May-June 1978, 1-17.

Lin, Fu-shun. Chinese Law Past and Present. New York: Columbia University Press, 1966.

Lindsay, Michael. The New Constitution of Communist China: Comparative Analysis. Taipei: Institute of International Relations, 1976.

Lubman, Stanley B. "Emerging Functions of Formal Legal Institutions in China's Modernization," China Law Reporter. 2, No. 4, Fall 1983, 195-266.

______. "Form and Function in Chinese Criminal Process," Columbia Law Review. 69, No. 4, April 1969, 536-75.

Meijer, M.J. "The New Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China," Review of Socialist Law [Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands], 6, No. 1, March 1980, 125-39.

Michael, Franz. "The Role of Law in Traditional China." Pages 57-66 in William T. Liu (ed.), Chinese Society under Communism. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1967.

Milton, David, Nancy Milton, and Franz Schurmann. "People's China: The New Constitution (1975)," China Quarterly [London], No. 62, June 1975, 345-50.

Ning, Han-Lin. "Voluntary Confession in the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China," Chinese Law and Government. 2, No. 2, Spring 1969, 16-37.

Pheffer, Richard M. "Crime and Punishment: China and the U.S." Pages 261-81 in Jerome Alan Cohen (ed.), Contemporary Chinese Law. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Pinard, Jeanette L. The People's Republic of China:. Bibliography of Selected English- Language Legal Materials. Washington: Law Library, Library of Congress, 1983.

Qiao Wei. "The Status of the Studies of Chinese Legal Systems in Chinese Legal Education," Asian Thought and Society: An International Review. 11, Nos. 32-33, July- November, 1986, 193-214.

Rickett, Allyn, and Adele Rickett. Prisoners of Liberation. New York: Anchor, 1973.

Ruge, Gerd. "An Interview with Chinese Legal Officials," China Quarterly [London], No. 61, March 1975, 118-26.

Schurmann, Franz. Ideology and Organization in Communist China. (2d ed.) Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1968.

Schurmann, Franz, and Orville Schell (eds.). Communist China: Revolutionary Reconstruction and International Confrontation, 1949 to the Present (China readings, 3.) Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968.

______. Imperial China: The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (China readings, 1.) Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967.

______. Republican China: Nationalism, War and the Rise of Communism 1911-1949 (China readings, 2.) Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968.

Shi Changchun. "Studying Sociology from. Prison Cell," China Reconstructs [Beijing], 36, March 1987, 46-47.

Singer, Floyd L. Control of the Population of China and Vietnam: The Pao Chia System Past and Present. (Weapons Planning Group, NOTS Technical Publication, No. 3680.) China Lake, California: United States Naval Ordnance Test Station, November 1964.

Tang, Peter S.H. "A Revolutionary Charter: The 1975 Constitution of the People's Republic of China," Asian Thought and Society. 1, No. 1, April 1976, 33-41.

Tao, Lung-Sheng. "Politics and Law Enforcement in China," American Journal of Comparative Law. 22, No. 4, Fall 1974, 713-56.

Van Der Sprenkel, Sybille. Legal Institutions in Manchu China. London: Athlone Press, 1962.

______. "The Role of Law in the Changing Society." Pages 225-67 in Jack Grey (ed.), Modern China's Search for. Political Form. London: Athlone Press, 1969.

Vogel, Ezra F. "Preserving Order in the Cities." Pages 75-93 in John Wilson Lewis (ed.), The City in Communist China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1971.

Wang Gangyi. "Long Arm of the Law Flexes New Muscle," China Daily [Beijing], 5, No. 1352, November 1985, 1.

Wang Zhigang. "Zhongguo Jianyu Tanmi: Ji Bei Dahuang Baoanzhao Laogai Nongchang" (Exploring the Secrets of. Chinese Prison: Report on Baoanzhao,. Labor Reform Farm in the Great Northern Wasteland), Liaowang Zhoukan (Outlook Weekly), 45, November 10, 1986, 16-17.

Zheng, Henry R. "China's New Civil Law," American Journal of Comparative Law. 34, No. 4, Fall 1986, 669-704.

Chapter 14

Bonds, Ray (ed.). The Chinese War Machine. New York: Crescent Books, 1979.

Bullard, Monte R. China's Political-Military Evolution. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Bullard, Monte R., and Edward C. O'Dowd. "Defining the Role of the PLA in the Post- Mao Era," Asian Survey. 26, No. 6, June 1986, 706-20.

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Last Updated: July 1987


Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for China was first published in 1987. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on Factba.se.

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