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India: Agriculture
Country Study > Chapter 6 > Character and Structure of the Economy > Science and Technology > Major Research Organizations > Agriculture


The Indian Council of Agricultural Research was established in 1929 as an autonomous clearinghouse-type organization charged with conducting, aiding, promoting, and coordinating agricultural and animal husbandry research. It has seventy-six institutes, bureaus, centers, and project directorates and seventy-one nationwide coordinated research projects. Education programs are mostly operated through India's twenty-six agricultural universities. The council has administrative links to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education of the Ministry of Agriculture.

The council supports numerous research institutes throughout the states and union territories. They include laboratories doing research on arid zones, birds, aquaculture, cattle, agroengineering, horticulture, wool, salinity, soils, veterinary science, animal and plant genetics, land use, dairy production, and a variety of crops, including rice, jute, cotton, tobacco, oilseeds, potatoes, and others.

Data as of September 1995

Last Updated: September 1995

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for India was first published in 1995. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

India Main Page Country Studies Main Page

Section 213 of 374


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