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India: Biotechnology
Country Study > Chapter 6 > Character and Structure of the Economy > Science and Technology > Major Research Organizations > Biotechnology


India has placed considerable effort on biotechnology. At the national level, the Department of Biotechnology, established in 1986 as part of the Ministry of Science and Technology, is responsible for biotechnology research and development and biotechnology-related manufacturing, including bio-safety regulation. It also acts as the government's agent for biotechnology imports. The department supports two autonomous laboratories, the National Institute of Immunobiology in New Delhi and the National Facility for Animal Tissue and Cell Culture in Pune, Maharashtra. Research and development takes place in the areas of burn, heart, and cornea treatment; germplasma banks for plants, animals, algae, and microbes; viral vaccine; animal embryo technology; animal and human fertility control; communicable and genetic disease prevention; and biofertilizer, biocontrol, and biomass agents. The department also controls two state-owned enterprises involved in vaccine production, the Bharat Immunologicals and Biologicals Corporation and the Indian Vaccines Corporation, both in New Delhi.

CSIR oversees numerous subnational biotechnology institutions. These include the Central Drug Research Institute in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh; the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh; the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology in Calcutta; and the Institute of Microbial Technology in Chandigarh among others.

Last Updated: September 1995

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for India was first published in 1995. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

India Main Page Country Studies Main Page

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