We're always looking for ways to make better. Have an idea? See something that needs fixing? Let us know!

India: Industry
Country Study > Chapter 6 > Character and Structure of the Economy > Science and Technology > Major Research Organizations > Industry


Founded in 1942, CSIR is headquartered in New Delhi, but its network of laboratories is spread throughout the nation. Although heavily involved in science, biotechnology, and information science activities, it also emphasizes industrial research. The president of CSIR is ex officio the prime minister, a situation that gives the council considerable political prestige. CSIR's network of nearly 200 national laboratories has links throughout the nation to another 200 government-sector research and development institutions and about 1,000 research and development units in the industrial sector that are supported by both public and private funds, established in 1974 as a center and raised to institute level in 1981.

CSIR also conducts and funds studies, organizes conferences and training programs, prepares exhibits, and publishes reports on the history and organization of Indian science, resource allocation and planning, analyses of the science and technology community (including behavioral research on scientists), the societal and environmental impact of science and technology, and international cooperation. Part of CSIR's publication program is directed at elementary and secondary school students with the intention of popularizing science at early ages.

The emphasis on industrial research is observable in the organizations supported by CSIR. They include, among others, the Central Electrochemical Research Institute in Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu; the Central Electronics Engineering Institute in Pilani, Rajasthan; the Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute in Calcutta; the Central Leather Research Institute in Madras; the Indian Institute of Petroleum in Dehra Dun, Uttar Pradesh; the National Metallurgical Laboratory in Jamshedpur, Bihar; and the National Physical Laboratory in New Delhi.

Last Updated: September 1995

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for India was first published in 1995. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

India Main Page Country Studies Main Page

Section 218 of 374


Click any image to enlarge.

National Flag

(₨) Indian Rupee (INR)
Convert to Any Currency


Locator Map