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Indonesia: Civil Aviation
Country Study > Chapter 3 > The Economy > Infrastructure and Services > Transportation > Civil Aviation


The government-operated airline, Garuda Indonesian Airways, concentrated on international jet service; about 80 percent of Garuda's revenue was generated by international flights in the early 1990s. In 1988 Garuda's fleet totaled seventy-three aircraft. Domestic service was provided by several smaller firms, including Merpati Nusantara Airlines, a subsidiary of Garuda, and Sempati Air Services, the first private firm that was permitted to provide international jet service in the early 1990s. A total fleet of 102 propeller-driven aircraft offered scheduled domestic services in FY 1988, although about 600 additional aircraft were in commercial nonscheduled operation.

The major Sukarno-Hatta International Airport in Cengkareng Subdistrict, West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat), opened in 1985. Other major airports were being expanded in the early 1990s, including airports located in Denpasar, Medan, and Surabaya and on Batam Island. An agreement reached between Indonesia and Singapore in 1992 for the first time permitted direct flights to and from Singapore from other major Indonesian cities, including Surabaya and Denpasar. In total, in the early 1990s, Indonesia had 470 airports, 436 of which were categorized as usable and 111 of which had permanent-surface runways. Only six of the airports could handle Boeing-747-type aircraft.

Data as of November 1992

Last Updated: November 1992

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Indonesia was first published in 1993. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

Indonesia Main Page Country Studies Main Page

Section 126 of 210


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