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Iran: Bibliography
Country Study > Bibliography

BIBLIOGRAPHY


Chapter 1

Abrahamian, Ervand. Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Afkhami, Gholam R. The Iranian Revolution: Thanatos on. National Scale. Washington: Middle East Institute, 1985.

Akhavi, Shahrough. Religion and Politics in Contemporary Iran: Clergy- State Relations in the Pahlavi Period. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1980.

Alexander, Yonah, and Allan Nanes (eds.). The United States and Iran:. Documentary History. Frederick, Maryland: University Publications of America, 1980.

Algar, Hamid. Religion and State in Iran in 1785-1906: The Role of the Ulama in the Qajar Period. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969.

Amirsadeghi, Hossein. Twentieth Century Iran. London: Heinemann, 1977.

Amnesty International. Iran: Documents Sent by Amnesty International to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. London: 1987.

Arberry, A.J. The Legacy of Persia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1953.

Arfa, Hassan. Under Five Shahs. London: John Murray, 1964.

Arjomand, Said Amir (ed.). From Nationalism to Revolutionary Islam: Essays on Social Movements in the Contemporary Near and Middle East. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1984.

-- -- -- . The Shadow of God and the Hidden Imam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Avery, Peter. Modern Iran. New York: Praeger, 1965.

Bakhash, Shaul. Iran: Monarchy, Bureaucracy, and Reform under the Qajars, 1858-1896. London: Ithaca Press, 1978.

-- -- -- . The Reign of the Ayatollahs: Iran and the Islamic Revolution. (2d ed.) New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Bakhtiar, Chapour. Ma fidelité. Paris: Albin Michel, 1982.

Bamdad, Badr ol-Muluk. From Darkness into Light: Women's Emancipation in Iran. (Ed. and trans., F.R.C. Bagley.) Hicksville, New York: Exposition Press, 1977.

Banani, Amin. The Modernization of Iran, 1921-1941. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1961.

Bani-Sadr, Abol Hassan. L'espérance trahie. Paris: Papyrus, 1982.

Bartol'd, Vasilii Vladimirovich. Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion. London: Luzac, 1968.

Bashiriyeh, Hossein. The State and Revolution in Iran, 1962-1982. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1984.

Bayat, Mangol. Mysticism and Dissent: Socioreligious Thought in Qajar Iran. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1982.

Bayne, E.A. Persian Kingship in Transition. New York: American Universities Field Staff, 1968.

Beck, Lois. The Qashqa'i of Iran. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Bellan, L. L. Chah Abbas I: sa vie, son histoire. Paris: 1932.

Bharier, Julian. Economic Development in Iran, 1900-1970. New York:

Oxford University Press, 1971.

Bill, James A. "Iran: Is the Shah Pushing It Too Fast?" Christian Science Monitor, November 9, 1977, 16-17.

-- -- -- . Iran: The Politics of Groups, Classes, and Modernization. Columbus, Ohio: Merril, 1972.

Binder, Leonard. Iran: Political Development in. Changing Society. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1962.

Bosworth, C.E. The Ghaznavids: Their Empire in Afghanistan and Eastern Iran, 994-1040. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1963.

-- -- -- . The Medieval History of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia. London: Variorum Reprints, 1977.

Bosworth, C.E. (ed.). Iran and Islam. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971.

Bosworth, Edmund, and Carole Hillenbrand (eds.). Qajar Iran: Political, Social, and Cultural Change, 1800-1925. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1983.

Browne, E.G.. Literary History of Persia.. vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1925-28.

-- -- -- . The Persian Revolution of 1905-1909. London: Cambridge University Press, 1910.

Burrell, R.M. "Iranian Foreign Policy During the Last Decade," Asian Affairs [London], 61, February 1974, 7-15.

Busse, Heribert (ed. and trans.). History of Persia under Qajar Rule. (Translated from the Persian of Hasan-e Fasai's Farsnameh-ye Naseri). New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.

The Cambridge History of Iran.. vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968-86.

Christopher, Warren (ed.). American Hostages in Iran. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Chubin, Shahram, and Sepehr Zabih. The Foreign Relations of Iran:. Developing State in. Zone of Great-Power Conflict. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.

Cole, Juan R.I., and Nikki R. Keddie. eds.). Shi'ism and Social Protest. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Cottam, Richard W. Nationalism in Iran. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1964.

Curzon, George. Persia and the Persian Question.. vols. London: Frank Cass, 1966.

Eagleton, William. The Kurdish Republic of 1946. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Elgood, Cyril. Safavid Medical Practice. London: Luzac, 1970.

Elwell-Sutton, L.P. Modern Iran. New York: Gordon Press, 1976.

-- -- -- . Persian Oil:. Study in Power Politics. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1955.

Eskelund, Karl. Behind the Peacock Throne. New York: Alvin Redman, 1965.

Fesharaki, Fereidun. Development of the Iranian Oil Industry: International and Domestic Aspects. (Praeger Special Studies in International Economics and Developments.) New York: Praeger, 1976.

Fischer, Michael M.J. Iran: From Religious Dispute to Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1980.

Frye, Richard Nelson. The Golden Age of Persia. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1975.

-- -- -- . The Heritage of Persia. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1962.

-- -- -- . Persia. (3d ed.) London: Allen and Unwin, 1969.

Garthwaite, Gene. Khans and Shahs: The Bakhtiyari in Iran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Ghirshman, R. Iran: From the Earliest Times to the Islamic Conquest. London: Pelican, 1954.

Goodell, Grace. The Elemental Structures of Political Life: Rural Development in Pahlavi Iran. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Graham, Robert. Iran: The Illusion of Power. London: Croom Helm, 1978.

Greaves, Louise Rose. Persia and the Defence of India, 1884-1892. London: University of London, Athalone Press, 1959.

Hairi, Abdul Hadi. Shi'ism and Constitutionalism in Iran. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1977.

Halliday, Fred. Iran: Dictatorship and Development. Harmondsworth, New York: Penguin Books, 1979.

Heikal, Mohamed. The Return of the Ayatollah. London: André Deutsch, 1981.

Hodgson, Marshall G.S. The Venture of Islam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.

Holod, Renata (ed.). Studies on Isfahan: Proceedings of the Isfahan Colloquium. (Iranian Studies, 7.) Boston: Society for Iranian Studies, 1974.

Hoveyda, Ferydoun. The Fall of the Shah. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1979.

Huot, Jean Louis. Persia. (2 Vols.) Cleveland: World Publishing, 1965- 1967.

Huyser, Robert E. Mission to Tehran. New York: Harper and Row, 1986.

Ismael, Tareq Y. Iraq and Iran: Roots of Conflict. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1982.

Issawi, Charles. The Economic History of Iran, 1800-1914. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Jacqz, J. (ed.). Iran: Past, Present, and Future. New York: Aspen Institute, 1976.

Katouzian, Homa. The Political Economy of Modern Iran: Despotism and Pseudo-Modernism, 1926-1979. New York: New York University Press, 1981.

Kazemi, Farhad. Poverty and Revolution in Iran: The Migrant Poor, Urban Marginality, and Politics. New York: New York University Press, 1980.

Kazemzadeh, Firuz. Russia and Britain in Persia, 1864-1914. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Keddie, Nikki R. Iran: Religion, Politics, and Society. London: Frank Cass, 1980.

-- -- -- . An Islamic Response to Imperialism: Political and Religious Writings of Sayyid Jamal ad-Din "al-Afghani.. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1968.

-- -- -- . Religion and Politics in Iran: Shi'ism from Political Quietism to Revolution. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.

-- -- -- . Religion and Rebellion in Iran: The Iranian Tobacco Protest of 1891-1892. London: Frank Cass, 1966.

-- -- -- . Roots of Revolution: An Interpretive History of Modern Iran. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

-- -- -- . Sayyid Jamal ad-Din "al-Afghani":. Political Biography. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1972.

Kedouri, Elie, and Sylvia Haim (eds.). Towards. Modern Iran: Studies in Thought, Politics, and Society. London: Frank Cass, 1980.

Kelly, J.B. Britain and the Persian Gulf. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Keyuani, M. "Artisans and Guild Life in the Later Safavid Period: Contributions to the Socio-Economic History of Persia," Islamkundliche Untersuchungen [Berlin], 65, 1982.

Khomeini, Ruhollah. Islam and Revolution: Writings and Declarations of Imam Khomeini. (Trans. and annotated by Hamid Algar.) Berkeley: Mizan Press, 1981.

Kuniholm, Bruce R. The Origins of the Cold War in the Middle East: Great Power Conflict and Diplomacy in Iran, Turkey, and Greece. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Ladjevardi, Habib. Labor Unions and Autocracy in Iran. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1985.

Laing, Margaret. The Shah. London: Sidwick and Jackson, 1977.

Lambton, Ann K.S. Landlord and Peasant in Persia:. Study of Land Tenure and Land Revenue Administration. London: Oxford University Press, 1969.

-- -- -- . State and Government in Medieval Islam: An Introduction to the Study of the Islamic Political Theory of the Jurists. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Ledeen, Michael, and William Lewis. Debacle: The American Failure in Iran. New York: Random House, 1981.

Lenczowski, George. Russia and the West in Iran, 1918-48. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1949.

Lenczowski, George (ed.). Iran under the Pahlavis. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1978.

Lockhart, Laurence. The Fall of the Safavid Dynasty and the Afghan Occupation of Persia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1958.

-- -- -- . Nadir Shah:. Critical Study Based Mainly on Contemporary Sources. London: Luzac, 1938.

McDaniel, R. The Shuster Mission and the Persian Constitutional Revolution. Minneapolis: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1974.

Malcolm, Sir John.. History of Persia.. vols. London: John Murray, 1815.

Mazzaoui, Michel. The Origins of the Safavids: Shi'ism, Sufism, and the Gulat. Wiesbaden, West Germany: F. Steiner, 1972.

Millspaugh, Arthur. The American Task in Persia. New York: Arno Press, 1973.

Minorsky, Vladimir. The Turks, Iran, and the Caucasus in the Middle Ages. London: Variorum Prints, 1978.

Minorsky, Vladimir (ed. and trans.). Tadhkirat al-Muluk:. Manual of Safavid Administration. London: Luzac, 1943.

Mottahedeh, Roy P. Loyalty and Leadership in an Early Islamic Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

-- -- -- . The Mantle of the Prophet: Religion and Politics in Iran. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985.

Munshi, Iskandar. The History of Shah Abbas the Great.. vols. (Trans., R.M. Savory.) Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1978.

Nashat, Guity. The Origins of Modern Reform in Iran, 1870-80. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.

Oberling, Pierre. The Qashqa'i: Nomads of Fars. The Hague: Mouton, 1974.

Olmstead, A.T. History of the Persian Empire: Achaemenid Period. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948.

Pahlavi, Ashraf. Faces in. Mirror: Memoirs from Exile. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza Shah. Answer to History. New York: Stein and Day, 1980.

-- -- -- . Mission for My Country. London: Hutchinson, 1961.

Parsons, Anthony. The Pride and the Fall: Iran, 1974-1979. London: Jonathan Cape, 1984.

Perry, John R. Karim Khan Zand:. History of Iran, 1747-1779. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Ramazani, Ruhollah K. The Foreign Policy of Iran, 1500-1941:. Developing Nation in World Affairs. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1966.

-- -- -- . Iran's Foreign Policy, 1941-1973:. Study of Foreign Policy in Modernizing Nations. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1975.

-- -- -- . The Persian Gulf: Iran's Role. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1972.

-- -- -- . Revolutionary Iran: Challenge and Response in the Middle East. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Roosevelt, Kermit. Countercoup: The Struggle for the Control of Iran. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1979.

Rubin, Barry. Paved with Good Intentions: The American Experience and Iran. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Sachednia, A.A. The Idea of the Mahdi in Twelver Shi'ism. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1981.

Saikal, Amin. The Rise and Fall of the Shah. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Savory, Roger. Iran under the Safavids. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Shuster, W. Morgan. The Strangling of Persia. New York: Century Company, 1912, Reprint Greenwood Press, 1968.

Sick, Gary. All Fall Down: America's Tragic Encounter with Iran. New York: Random House, 1985.

Spuler, Bertold. Die Mongolen in Iran. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1985.

Stempel, John D. Inside the Iranian Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1981.

Upton, Joseph M. The History of Modern Iran: An Interpretation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Wilber, Donald. Iran: Past and Present. (rev. ed.) Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.

-- -- -- . Riza Shah Pahlavi, 1878-1944. Hicksville, New York: Exposition Press, 1975.

Wilson, Arnold. The Persian Gulf. London: Allen and Unwin, 1928.

Woods, John. The Aqquyunlu: Clan, Confederation, Empire. Minneapolis: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1976.

Wright, Denis. The English Amongst the Persians. London: Heinemann, 1977.

-- -- -- . The Persians Amongst the English. London: I.B. Tauris, 1985.

Yeselson, Abraham. United States-Persian Diplomatic Relations, 1883- 1921. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1956.

Zonis, Marvin. The Political Elite of Iran. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1971.

Chapter 2

Abrahamian, Ervand. Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Akhavi, Shahrough. Religion and Politics in Contemporary Iran: Clergy- State Relations in the Pahlavi Period. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1980.

Arasteh, Reza. Education and Social Awakening in Iran. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1962.

Arjomand, Said, Eric Hooglund, and William Royce. The Iranian Islamic Clergy: Governmental Politics and Theocracy. Washington: Middle East Institute, 1984.

Ashraf, Ahmad. "Bazaar and Mosque in Iran's Revolution." Pages 16-18 in MERIP Reports, No. 113. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, March-April 1983.

Bakhash, Shaul. The Reign of the Ayatollahs: Iran and the Islamic Revolution. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Bashiriyeh, Hossein. The State and Revolution in Iran, 1962-1982. London: Croom Helm, 1984.

Bayat, Assef. "Workers' Control after the Revolution." Pages 19-23 in MERIP Reports, No. 113. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, March-April 1983. Beck, Lois. The Qashqa'i of Iran. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Chesnoff, Richard Z. "Paris: The Iranian Exiles," New York Times Magazine, February 12, 1984, 23.

Fassih, Ismail. Sorraya in. Coma. London: Zed Press, 1985.

Ferdows, Adele. "Shariati and Khomeini on Women." Pages 127-38 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Ferdows, Emad. "The Reconstruction Crusade and Class Conflict in Iran." Pages 11-15 in MERIP Reports, No. 113. Washington: Middle East Researc and Information Project, March-April 1983. Fischer, Michael M.J. Iran: From Religious Dispute to Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1980.

-- -- -- . "Islam and the Revolt of the Petite Bourgeoisie," Daedalus, 111, No. 1, Winter 1982, 101-25.

Fisher, W.B. "Physical Geography." Pages 3-110 in W.B. Fisher (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran, 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Good, Mary-Jo Delvecchio. "The Changing Status and Composition of an Iranian Provincial Elite." Pages 269-88 in Michael Bonine and Nikki R. Keddie (eds.), Modern Iran: The Dialectics of Continuity and Change. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1981.

Haeri, Shahla. "Power of Ambiguity: Cultural Improvisations on the Theme of Temporary Marriage," Iranian Studies, 19, No. 2, Spring 1986, 123-54.

Halliday, Fred. Iran: Dictatorship and Development. New York: Penguin Books, 1979.

Higgins, Patricia. "Minority-State Relations in Contemporary Iran." Pages 167-97 in Ali Banuazizi and Myron Weiner (eds.), The State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics: Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Hiro, Dilip. Iran under the Ayatollahs. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1985.

Hooglund, Eric. "Iran, 1980-1985: Political and Economic Trends." Pages 17-31 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

-- -- -- . Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960-1980. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.

-- -- -- . "Reza Shah Pahlavi." Pages 175-76 in Ainslie Embree (ed.), Encyclopedia of Asian History, III. -- -- -- . "Rural Participation in the Revolution." Pages 3-6 in MERIP Reports, No. 87. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, May 1980. -- -- -- . "The Search For Iran's `Moderates'." Pages 5-6 in MERIP Reports, No. 144. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, January-February 1987.

-- -- -- . "Social Origins of the Revolutionary Clergy." Pages 74-83 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Iran. Statistical Yearbook. Tehran: Center for Statistical Studies, 1364 [1985-86].

Kazemi, Farhad. Poverty and Revolution in Iran: The Migrant Poor, Urban Marginality, and Politics. New York: New York University Press, 1980.

Keddie, Nikki R. "The Minorities Question in Iran." Pages 85-108 in Shirin Tahir-Kheli and Shaheen Ayubi (eds.), The Iran-Iraq War: New Weapons, Old Conflicts. New York: Praeger, 1983.

-- -- -- . Roots of Revolution: An Interpretive History of Modern Iran. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

Keddie, Nikki R., and Eric Hooglund (eds.). The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Ladjevardi, Habib. Labor Unions and Autocracy in Iran. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1985.

Loeffler, Reinhold. "Economic Changes in. Rural Area since 1979." Pages 93-108 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

-- -- -- . "The National Integration of Boir Ahmad," Iranian Studies, 24, No. 4, 1982, 689-711.

Momen, Moojan. An Introduction to Shi'i Islam. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Najmabadi, Afsaneh. "Mystifications of the Past and Illusions of the Future." Pages 147-61 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Smith, Terrence. "Iran: Five Years of Fanaticism," New York Times Magazine, February 12, 1984, 21-22.

Sunderland, E. "Pastoralism, Nomadism, and the Social Anthropology of Iran." Pages 611-83 in W.B. Fisher (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran, I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Chapter 3

Abrahamian, Ervand. Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Alnasrawi, Abbas. "Dependency Status and Economic Development of Arab States," Journal of Asian and African Studies, 21, Nos. 1-2, 1986, 17-31.

-- -- -- . "Economic Consequences of the Iran-Iraq War," Third World Quarterly [London], 1986, 869-95.

-- -- -- . OPEC in. Changing World Economy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Amuzegar, Jahangir. Iran: An Economic Profile. Washington: Middle East Institute, 1977.

Bakhash, Shaul. The Reign of the Ayatollahs: Iran and the Islamic Revolution. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Bamberger, Robert, and Clyde Mark. Distribution of Oil from the Persian Gulf: Near-Term US Vulnerability. Washington: Library of Congress Congressional Research Service, October 1, 1986.

Behdad, Sohrab. Foreign Exchange Gap, Structural Constraints, and the Political Economy of Exchange Rate Determination in Iran. Granville, Ohio: Denison University, forthcoming.

Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic Report and Balance Sheet, 1362 [1984]. Tehran: 1984.

Clawson, Patrick. "Islamic Iran's Economic Policies and Prospects." (rev. ed.) (Paper presented to Council on Foreign Relations, November 1986.) Washington: February 1987.

Cottam, Richard. "The Iranian Revolution." Pages 55-87 in Juan R.I. Cole and Nikki R. Keddie (eds.), Shi'ism and Social Protest. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Iran: Country Profile, 1986. London: 1986

-- -- -- . Iran: Country Profile, 1987. London: 1987.

-- -- -- . Iran: Country Report, 1986, Nos. 1-4, London: 1986.

-- -- -- . Iran: Country Report, 1987, No. 1, London: 1987.

Ferdows, Emad. "The Reconstruction Crusade and Class Conflict in Iran." Pages 11-15 in MERIP Reports, No. 113. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, March-April 1983.

Fisher, W.B. "Iran." Pages 404-30 in The Middle East and North Africa, 1987. (33d ed.) London: Europa, 1986.

Halliday, Fred. "Iranian Foreign Policy since 1979: Internationalism and Nationalism in the Islamic Revolution." Pages 88-107 in Juan R.I. Cole and Nikki R. Keddie (eds.), Shi'ism and Social Protest. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

-- -- -- . "Year IV of the Islamic Republic." Pages 3-8 in MERIP Reports, No. 113. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, March-April 1983.

Hooglund, Eric. Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960-1980. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.

Hooglund, Eric, and Nikki Keddie (eds.). The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

"An Initial Glance at the 1366 [1987-88] Budget Bill," Iran Press Digest [Tehran], March 17, 1987, 2-6.

International Road Federation. World Road Statistics, 1981-85. Geneva: 1986.

International Road Transport Unit. World Transport Data. Geneva: 1985.

Iran:. Special Report. London: Middle East Economic Digest, February 1977.

Jaffé, George and Keith McLachlan. Iran and Iraq: The Next Five Years. Economist Intelligence Unit Special Report No. 1083. London: 1987.

Jakubiak, Henry, and M. Taher Dajani. "Oil Income and Financial Policies in Iran and Saudi Arabia," Finance and Development. Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1986.

Johns, Richard, and Michael Field. "Oil in the Middle East and North Africa." Pages 96-142 in The Middle East and North Africa, 1987. (33d ed.) London: Europa, 1986.

Kazemi, Farhad. Poverty and Revolution in Iran: The Migrant Poor, Urban Marginality, and Politics. New York: New York University Press, 1980.

Keddie, Nikki R. "Oil Economic Policy and Social Conflict in Iran," Race and Class, 21, No. 1, 1979, 13-29.

Kielmas, Maria. "Iran Restores the Soviet Connection," Middle East [London], November 1986, 23. Lautenschlager, Wolfgang. "The Effects of an Overvalued Exchange Rate on the Iranian Economy, 1979-1984," International Journal of Middle East Studies, 18, 1986, 31-52.

McCaslin, John C. (ed.). International Petroleum Encyclopedia. Tulsa: Penn Well, 1986.

The Middle East and North Africa, 1987. London: Europa, 1986.

Nyrop, Richard F. (ed.). Iran:. Country Study. Washington: GPO for The American University, 1978.

Rosen, Barry M. (ed.). Iran since the Revolution: Internal Dynamics, Regional Conflict, and the Superpowers. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Sarkis, Nicolas. (ed.). Arab Oil and Gas Directory, 1982. Paris: Arab Petroleum Research Center, 1982.

Sciolino, Elaine. "Iran Allows Pragmatism to Dictate Its Shopping List," New York Times, April 26, 1987, A3.

Tibi, Bassam. "The Iranian Revolution and the Arabs: The Quest for Islamic Identity and the Search for an Islamic System of Government," Arab Studies Quarterly, 8, No. 1, Winter 1986, 29-44.

-- -- -- . "The Renewed Role of Islam in the Political and Social Development of the Middle East," Middle East Journal, 37, No. 1, Winter 1983, 3-13.

United Nations. Food and Agriculture Organization. Yearbook of Fishery Statistics, 1984. 58. Rome: 1984. -- -- -- . Yearbook of Forest Products, 1973-1984. Rome: 1986.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Economic and Energy Indicators. Washington: January 1986-March 1987.

-- -- -- . Handbook of Economic Statistics, 1986. Washington: 1986.

United States. Department of Agriculture. Middle East and North Africa: Situation and Outlook Report. Washington: GPO, April 1986.

-- -- -- . World Indices of Agriculture and Food Production, 1976-85, No. 744. Washington: GPO, July 1986.

United States. Department of the Interior. Bureau of Mines. Mineral Industries of the Middle East. Washington: April 1986.

Welt, Leo. "The Middle East's Changing Economy," Management Review, 76, February 1987, 63-65.

World Bank. World Development Report, 1986. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

-- -- -- . World Tables, 1986. Baltimore: 1986.

Chapter 4

Abdulghani, Jasim M. Iraq and Iran: The Years of Crisis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.

Abrahamian, Ervand. Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Akhavi, Shahrough. "Clerical Politics in Iran since 1979." Pages 57-73 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

-- -- -- . "Elite Factionalism in the Islamic Republic of Iran," Middle East Journal, 41, No. 2, Spring 1987, 181-201.

Alaolmolki, Nozar. "The New Iranian Left," Middle East Journal, 41, No. 2, Spring 1987, 218-33.

Atkin, Muriel. "The Islamic Republic and the Soviet Union." Pages 191- 208 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Bakhash, Shaul. "Islam and Social Justice in Iran." Pages 95-115 in Martin Kramer (ed.), Shi'ism, Resistance, and Revolution. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1987.

-- -- -- . The Reign of the Ayatollahs: Iran and the Islamic Revolution. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Bashiriyeh, Hossein. The State and Revolution in Iran, 1962-1982. London: Croom Helm, 1984.

Benard, Cheryl, and Zalmay Khalilzad. "The Government of God": Iran's Islamic Republic. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.

Bulliet, Richard. "Time, Perceptions, and Conflict Resolution." Pages 65- 81 in Shirin Tahir-Kheli and Shaheen Ayubi (eds.), The Iran-Iraq War: New Weapons, Old Conflicts. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Chesnoff, Richard Z. "Paris: The Iranian Exiles," New York Times Magazine, February 12, 1984, 22-23.

Chubin, Shahram. "The Islamic Republic's Foreign Policy in the Gulf." Pages 159-71 in Martin Kramer (ed.), Shi'ism, Resistance, and Revolution. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1987.

Cobban, Helena. "The Growing Shi'i Power in Lebanon and Its Implications for the Future." Pages 137-55 in Juan Cole and Nikki R. Keddie (eds.), Shi'ism and Social Protest. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

"Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran," Middle East Journal, 34, No. 2, Spring 1980, 184-204.

Cottam, Richard. "Iran and Soviet-American Relations." Pages 227-40 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

-- -- -- . "Iran's Perception of the Superpowers." Pages 133-47 in Barry Rosen (ed.), Iran since the Revolution: Internal Dynamics, Regional Conflicts, and the Superpowers. New York: Columbia University Press for Brooklyn College, 1985.

Ferdows, Adele. "Shariati and Khomeini on Women." Pages 127-38 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Halliday, Fred. "Year IV of the Islamic Republic." Pages 3-8 in MERIP Reports, No. 113. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, March-April 1983.

Hiro, Dilip. Iran under the Ayatollahs. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1985.

Hooglund, Eric. "Iran and the Gulf War." Pages 12-18 in MERIP Reports, No. 148. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, September-October 1987.

-- -- -- . "Iran, 1980-1985: Political and Economic Trends." Pages 17-31 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

-- -- -- . "The Search for Iran's `Moderates'." Pages 5-6 in MERIP Reports, No. 144. Washington: Middle East Research and Information Project, January-February 1987.

-- -- -- . "Social Origins of the Revolutionary Clergy." Pages 74-83 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Karimi, Setareh. "Economic Policies and Structural Changes since the Revolution." Pages 32-54 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Khalilzad, Zalmay. "The Iranian Revolution and the Afghan Resistance." Pages 257-73 in Martin Kramer (ed.), Shi'ism, Resistance, and Revolution. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1987.

Kostiner, Joseph. "Shi'i Unrest in the Gulf." Pages 173-86 in Martin Kramer (ed.), Shi'ism, Resistance, and Revolution. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1987.

Loeffler, Reinhold. "Economic Changes in. Rural Area since 1979." Pages 93-108 in Nikki R. Keddie and Eric Hooglund (eds.), The Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Mottahedeh, Roy P. "Iran's Foreign Devils," Foreign Policy, No. 38, 1980, 19-34.

Norton, Augustus R. "The Origins and Resurgence of Amal." Pages 203- 18 in Martin Kramer (ed.), Shi'ism, Resistance, and Revolution. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1987.

-- -- -- . "Shi'ism and Social Protest in Lebanon." Pages 156-78 in Juan R.I. Cole and Nikkie R. Keddie (eds.), Shi'ism and Social Protest. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Ramazani, Ruhollah K. Revolutionary Iran: Challenge and Response in the Middle East. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Sick, Gary. All Fall Down: America's Tragic Encounter with Iran. New York: Random House, 1985.

-- -- -- . "Iran's Quest for Superpower Status," Foreign Affairs, 65, No. 4, Spring 1987, 697-715.

Chapter 5

Abdulghani, Jasim M. Iraq and Iran: The Years of Crisis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.

Afshar, Haleh. "The Army." Pages 175-98 in Haleh Afshar (ed.), Iran:. Revolution in Turmoil. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1985.

Akhavi, Shahrough. "Elite Factionalism in the Islamic Republic of Iran," Middle East Journal, 41, No. 2, Spring 1987, 181-201. Alaolmolki, Nozar. "The New Iranian Left," Middle East Journal, 41, No. 2, Spring 1987, 218-33.

Amnesty International. Amnesty International Report, 1986. London: 1986.

Amnesty International. Law and Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. London: Amnesty International Secretariat, 1980.

Arjomand, Said Amir (ed.). From Nationalism to Revolutionary Islam: Essays on Social Movements in the Contemporary Near and Middle East. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1984.

El-Azhary, M.S. (ed.). The Iran-Iraq War: An Historical, Economic, and Political Analysis. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1984.

Bakhash, Shaul. The Reign of the Ayatollahs: Iran and the Islamic Revolution. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Ball, George W. Error and Betrayal in Lebanon. Washington: Foundation for Middle East Peace, 1984.

Benard, Cheryl, and Zalmay Khalilzad. "The Government of God": Iran's Islamic Republic. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.

Bill, James A. "Power and Religion in Revolutionary Iran," Middle East Journal, 36, No. 1, Winter 1982, 22-47.

Bradley, C. Paul. Recent United States Policy in the Persian Gulf. Grantham, New Hampshire: Thompson and Rutter, 1982.

Bussert, Jim. "Iran-Iraq War Turns Strategic," Defense Electronics, 16, September 1984, 136-46.

Canby, Steven L. "The Iranian Military: Political Symbolism Versus Military Usefulness." Pages 100-130 in Hossein Amirsadeghi (ed.), The Security of the Persian Gulf. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1981.

Chubin, Shahram. "Hedging




Last Updated: December 1987


Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Iran was first published in 1987. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on Factba.se.

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