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Latvia: Bibliography
Country Study > Bibliography

BIBLIOGRAPHY


Chapter 1

Ant, Jüri, et al., eds. Ot dogovora. bazakh do anneksii: Dokumenty. materialy. Tallinn: Perioodika, 1991.

Arjakas, Küllo, et al., eds. Ot pakta Molotova-Ribbentropa do dogovora. bazakh: Dokumenty. materialy. Tallinn: Perioodika, 1989.

Baltic States:. Reference Book. Tallinn: Estonian Encyclopedia, 1991.

Clemens, Walter C. Baltic Independence and Russian Empire. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

Crowe, David. The Baltic States and the Great Powers. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Country Report: Baltic Republics: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania [London], No. 1, 1994.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Country Report: Baltic Republics: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania [London], No. 4, 1994.

Eesti NSV Loominguliste Liitude Juhatuste ühispleenum, 1-2. aprillil 1988. Tallinn: Eesti Raamat, 1988.

Ehrlich, R., and L. Luup, eds. Invest in the Future: The Future Is Estonia. Tallinn: Informare, 1993.

Estonia. Eesti Vabariigi Riiklik Statistikaamet. Statistika Aastaraamat, 1991. Tallinn: 1991.

Estonia. Estonian State Statistics Board. 1993 Statistical Yearbook. Tallinn: 1993.

The Europa World Year Book, 1994. London: Europa, 1994.

Fitzmaurice, John. The Baltics:. Regional Future. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.

Forgus, Silvia. "Soviet Subversive Activities in Independent Estonia (1918-1940)," Journal of Baltic Studies. 23, No. 1, Spring 1992, 29-46.

Frydman, Roman, Andrzej Rapaczynski, John S. Earle, et al., eds. The Privatization Process in Russia, Ukraine, and the Baltic States. New York: Central European University Press, 1993.

Girnius, Saulius. "The Economies of the Baltic States in 1993," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 20, May 20, 1994, 1-14.

Hiden, John, and Patrick Salmon. The Baltic Nations and Europe: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania in the Twentieth Century. New York: Longman, 1991.

Høyer, Svennik, Epp Lauk, and Peeter Vihalemm, eds. Towards. Civic Society: The Baltic Media's Long Road to Freedom; Perspectives on History, Ethnicity, and Journalism. Tartu: Nota Baltic, 1993.

Invest in Estonia. Tallinn: Inorek Marketing, 1992.

Joenniemi, Pertti, and Peeter Vares, eds. New Actors on the International Arena: The Foreign Policies of the Baltic Countries. Tampere, Finland: Tampere Research Institute, 1993.

Jõeste, Marje, ülo Kaevats, and Harry õiglane, eds. Eesti. &.. Tallinn: Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus, 1993.

Kala, Kulno. "Eesti rahvuslikust koosseisust pärast Teist Maailmasõda," Akadeemia [Tartu], 4, No. 3, 1992, 508-35.

Kaplan, Cynthia. "Estonia:. Plural Society on the Way to Independence." Pages 206-21 in Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras, eds., Nations and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Karu, ülo. Kes on kes Eesti poliitikas, 1988-1992. Tallinn: Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus, 1992.

Kasekamp, Andres. "The Estonian Veterans' League:. Fascist Movement?" Journal of Baltic Studies. 24, No. 3, Fall 1993, 263-68.

Kelder, Jaan, and Indrek Mustimets. Keda me valisime. Tartu: Tartumaa, 1993.

Kionka, Riina. "The Estonian Citizens' Committee: An Opposition Movement of. Different Complexion," Report on the USSR [Munich], 2, No. 6, 1990, 30-33.

Kirch, Aksel, Marika Kirch, and Tarmo Tuisk. "Russians in the Baltic States: To Be or Not to Be?" Journal of Baltic Studies. 24, No. 2, Summer 1993, 173-88.

Kiris, Advig, ed. Restoration of the Independence of the Republic of Estonia: Selection of Legal Acts. Tallinn: Estonian Institute for Information, 1991.

Kivirahk, Juhan, Rain Rosimannus, and Indrek Pajumaa. "The Premises for Democracy:. Study of Political Values in Post-Independent Estonia," Journal of Baltic Studies. 24, No. 2, Summer 1993, 149-60.

Kuddo, Arvo. "Rahva elujärjest," Postimees [Tartu], July 30-31, 1993.

Lieven, Anatol. The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

The Military Balance, 1994-1995. London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1994.

Misiunas, Romuald J., and Rein Taagepera. The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940-1991. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Narodnyi Kongress: Sbornik materialov kongressa Norodnogo Fronta Estonii, 1-2 oktiabria 1988.. Tallinn: Perioodika, 1989.

õispuu, Silvia, et al. Eesti ajalugu ärkamisajast tänapäevani. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1992.

Parming, Tönu. The Collapse of Liberal Democracy and the Rise of Authoritarianism in Estonia. London: Sage, 1975.

Pettai, Vello A. "Estonia: Old Maps and New Roads," Journal of Democracy. 4, No. 1, January 1993, 117-25.

Pillau, Endel, ed. Eestimaa kuumsuvi 1988. Tallinn: Olion, 1989.

Raidla, Peter. Liidu kütkeis on raske vabaneda: Poliitikakuud aastail 1987-1991. Tallinn: Rekrea, 1991.

Rauch, Georg von. The Baltic States: The Years of Independence, 1917-1940. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Raun, Toivo V. Estonia and the Estonians. 1st ed. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, 1987.

Raun, Toivo V. Estonia and the Estonians. 2d ed. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, 1991.

Raun, Toivo V. "The Re-establishment of Estonian Independence," Journal of Baltic Studies. 22, No. 3, Fall 1991, 251-58.

Read, Anthony, and David Fisher. The Deadly Embrace. New York: Norton, 1988.

Smith, Graham. The Baltic States: The National Self-Determination of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.

Sootla, Georg, and Margus Maiste. Tähtaasta 1988. Tallinn: Eesti Raamat, 1989.

The Stateman's Year-Book,1994-95. Ed., Brian Hunter. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.

Taagepera, Rein. Estonia: Return to Independence. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993.

Taagepera, Rein. "Ethnic Relations in Estonia," Journal of Baltic Studies. 23, No. 2, Summer 1992, 121-32.

Titma, Mikk. Chto. nas proiskhodit. Tallinn: Perioodika, 1989.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1994. Washington: GPO, 1994.

World Bank. Estonia: The Transition to. Market Economy. Washington: 1993.

Chapter 2

Andersons, Edgars, ed. Crossroad Country Latvia. Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata, 1953.

Balabkins, Nicholas, and Arnolds Aizsilnieks. Entrepreneur in. Small Country:. Case Study Against the Background of the Latvian Economy, 1919-1940. Hicksville, New York: Exposition Press, 1975.

Baltic Review. The Soviet Occupation and Incorporation of Latvia, June 17 to August 5, 1940. New York: Vilis Stals, 1957.

The Baltic States:. Reference Book. Tallinn: Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian Encyclopaedia, 1991.

Bilmanis, Alfreds.. History of Latvia. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951.

Bolz, Klaus, and Andreas Polkowski. "Trends, Economic Policies, and Systemic Changes in the Three Baltic States," Intereconomics. 29, May-June 1994, 147-56.

Bremmer, Ian, and Ray Taras, eds. Nations and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Bungs, Dzintra. "Local Election in Latvia: The Opposition Wins," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 28, July 15, 1994, 1-5.

Bungs, Dzintra. "Russia Agrees to Withdraw Troops from Latvia," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 22, June 3, 1994, 1-9.

Dreifelds, Juris. "Belorussia and the Baltics." Pages 323-85 in I.S. Koropeckyj and Gertrude E. Schroeder, eds., Economics of Soviet Regions. New York: Praeger, 1981.

Dreifelds, Juris. "Immigration and Ethnicity in Latvia," Journal of Soviet Nationalities. 1, No. 4, 1990-91, 41-81.

Dreifelds, Juris. "Latvian National Demands and Group Consciousness since 1959." Pages 136-61 in George W. Simmonds, ed., Nationalism in the USSR and Eastern Europe in the Era of Brezhnev and Kosygin. Detroit: University of Detroit Press, 1977.

Dreifelds, Juris. "Latvian National Rebirth," Problems of Communism. 38, No. 4, July-August 1989, 77-95.

Dreifelds, Juris. "Two Latvian Dams: Two Confrontations," Baltic Forum. 6, No. 1, Spring 1989, 11-24.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Country Report: Baltic Republics: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania [London], Nos. 3-4, 1994.

Ezergailis, Andrew. The Latvian Impact on the Bolshevik Revolution. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.

Freivalds, Osvalds. Latviesu Politiskas Partijas 60 Gados. Copenhagen: Imanta, 1961.

Germanis, Uldis. "The Rise and Fall of the Latvian Bolsheviks," Baltic Forum. 5, No. 1, Spring 1988, 1-25.

Grahm, Leif, and Lennart Konigson. Baltic Industry:. Survey of Potentials and Constraints. Stockholm: Swedish Development Consulting Partners, 1991.

Hough, William J.H., III. "The Annexation of the Baltic States and Its Effect on the Development of Law Prohibiting Forcible Seizure of Territory," New York Law School Journal of International and Comparative Law. 6, No. 2, Winter 1985, 301-33.

Huttenbach, Henry R. "The Sudeten Syndrome: The Emergence of. Post-Soviet Principle for Russian Expansionism," Association for the Study of Nationalities Newsletter. 4, No. 3, December 1992, 1-2.

International Monetary Fund. Economic Review: Latvia. Washington: 1992.

International Monetary Fund. Economic Review: Latvia. Washington: 1994.

International Monetary Fund. "Latvia: Review of the Stand-By Arrangement." (Unpublished manuscript.) Washington: November 1992.

Joenniemi, Pertti, and Peeter Vares, eds. New Actors on the International Arena: The Foreign Policies of the Baltic Countries. Tampere, Finland: Tampere Peace Research Institute, 1993.

Joint Baltic American National Committee.. Legal and Political History of the Baltic Peace Treaties of 1920. Washington:1990.

Katolu Kalendars. Annual Yearbook of the Catholic Church in Latvia. n. pl.: n.d.

Kavass, Igor I., and Adolfs Sprudzs, eds. Baltic States:. Study of Their Origin and National Development; Their Seizur. and Incorporation into the USSR. Buffalo: William S. Hein, 1972.

Krumins, Juris. "Socio-Economic Differentiation of Infant and Adult Mortality: Experience of Soviet Registration System and Problems of Comparability." (Paper presented at Quetelet Seminar on the Collection and Comparability of Demographic and Social Data in Europe, September 17-20, 1991, Gemblaux, Belgium.) Gemblaux, Belgium: September 1991.

Latvia. Itogi vsesoyuznoy perepisi naseleniya 1979 goda po Latviyskoy SSR. Riga: 1982.

Latvia. 1989. Gada Vissavienibas Tautas Skaitisanas Rezultati Latvijas PSR. Riga: 1990.

Latvia. Environmental Protection Committee. National Report of Latvia to UNCED, 1992. Helsinki: Government Printing Centre, 1992.

Latvia. Ministry of Welfare, Labor, and Health. Health in Latvia. 2d ed. Riga: Rotaprint, 1992.

Latvia. State Committee for Statistics. National Economy of Latvia in 1990: Statistical Year-Book. Riga: 1991.

Latvia. Statistikas Komiteja and Latvijas Zinatnu Akademijas Filozofijas un Sociologijas Instituts. Etnosituacija Latvija: Fakti un Komentari. Riga: 1992.

Latvia. Supreme Council of the Standing Commission on Human Rights and National Questions. About the Republic of Latvia. Riga: Rotaprint, 1992.

Latvia. Valsts Statistikas Komiteja. Latvija Skaitlos, 1989. Latvia in Figures, 1989). Riga: 1990.

Latvia. Valsts Statistikas Komiteja. Latvija Skaitlos, 1993. Latvia in Figures, 1993). Riga: 1994.

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Latvia. Valsts Statistikas Komiteja. Latvija Sodien. Riga: 1992.

Latvia. Valsts Statistikas Komiteja. Latvijas PSR Tautas Saimnieciba 1970. Riga: 1971.

Latvia. Valsts Statistikas Komiteja. Latvijas Tautas Saimnieciba '90: Narodnoye Khozyaystvo Latvii '90. Riga: Avots, 1991.

Latvia. Valsts Statistikas Komiteja. Latvija un Pasaules Valstis: Statistiko Datu Krajums. Riga: 1991.

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Latvia. Vides Aizsardzibas Komiteja. "Vides Aizsardziba Latvijas Republika 1990. Gada Parskats." (Unpublished manuscript.) Riga: 1991.

Lieven, Anatol. The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Loeber, Dietrich André, V. Stanley Vardys, and Laurence P.A. Kitching, eds. Regional Identity under Soviet Rule: The Case of the Baltic States. Hackettstown, New Jersey: Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies, 1990.

Marshall, Richard H., Jr., ed. Aspects of Religion in the Soviet Union, 1917-1967. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Marx, Stefan. "Russia's Withdrawal from the Baltics," Jane's Intelligence Review [London], 6, No. 12, December 1994, 565-66.

Mezs, Ilmars. Latviesi Latvija: Etnodemografisks Apskats. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Latvian Studies Centre, 1992.

Michta, Andrew A. The Government and Politics of Postcommunist Europe. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1994.

Misiunas, Romuald J., and Rein Taagepera. The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940-1990. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Muiznieks, Nils. "Latvia: Origins, Evolution, and Triumph." Pages 182-205 in Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras, eds., Nations and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Nordic Investment Bank.. Survey of Investment Plans and Needs in the Three Baltic Countries. Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers, 1991.

Nordic Project Fund. Environmental Situation and Project Identification in Latvia. Helsinki: 1991.

Petersen, Phillip. "Security Policy in the Post-Soviet Baltic States," European Security. 1, No. 1, Spring 1992, 13-49.

Plakans, Andrejs. The Latvians:. Short History. Stanford, California: Stanford University, 1995.

Rauch, Georg von. The Baltic States: The Years of Independence,1917-1940. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Riekstins, Janis. "Genocids," Latvijas Vesture [Riga], No. 2, 1991, 34-39.

Rutkis, J. Latvia: Country and People. Stockholm: Latvian National Foundation, 1967.

Soviet Union. Gosudarstvennyy komitet po statistike. Narodnoye khozyaystvo SSSR. 1989.. Moscow: Finansy. statistika, 1990.

Soviet Union. Gosudarstvennyy komitet po statistike. Naseleniye SSSR 1988: Statisticheskiy yezhegodnik. Moscow: Finansy. statistika, 1989.

Spekke, Arnolds. History of Latvia: An Outline. Stockholm: M. Goppers, 1957.

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Chapter 3

Adomonis, Tadas, and Klemensas Cerbulenas. Lietuvos TSR dailes ir architekturos istorija (History of the Art and Architecture of the Lithuanian SSR). Vilnius: Mokslas, 1987.

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Beschloss, Michael R., and Strobe Talbott. At the Highest Levels. Boston: Little, Brown, 1993.

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Last Updated: January 1995


Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Latvia was first published in 1995. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on Factba.se.

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