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Introduction: The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family first seized temporary control in 1297, and again in 1331, but were not able to permanently secure their holding until 1419. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation...

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People: In 2011 Monaco's population was estimated at 30,539, with an estimated average growth rate for 2011 of -0.124%.

French is the official language; English, Italian, and Monegasque (a blend of French and Italian) also are spoken. The literacy rate is 99%. Roman Catholicism is the official religion, with freedom of other religions guaranteed by the ...

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International Relations: Relations with the UK

HM Ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco. An Honorary Consul resides in Monaco.

Monegasque representation to the UK

Consul-General in London and currently Honorary Consuls in Edinburgh and Manchester.

Recent Visits


-- HSH Prince Albert II visited the UK between 4-5 October 2007

-- HSH Prince Albert II met Foreign Secretary Jack Straw in March 2006


-- HRH Prince Michael of Kent: 18-20 September 2007

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