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Introduction: The use of the name Montenegro began in the 15th century when the Crnojevic dynasty began to rule the Serbian principality of Zeta; over subsequent centuries Montenegro was able to maintain its independence from the Ottoman Empire. From the 16th to 19th centuries, Montenegro became a theocracy ruled by a series of bishop princes; in 1852, it was transformed into a secular principality. After World War I, Montenegro was absorbed by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929; at the conclusion of World War II, it became a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. When...

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Political Overview: The Montenegrin parliament is an 81-seat unicameral body. Deputies serve a four-year term. The parliament passes all laws in Montenegro, appoints the prime minister (on nomination by the president), appoints ministers (on nomination by the prime minister), appoints justices of the courts and ratifies international treaties.

Montenegro held its first parliamentary elections as an independent country in September 2006, when the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) and the Social Democratic Party (SDP) retained the slim overall majority. Montenegro went to the polls again on 29 March 2009, when Prime Minister Milo ...

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Government and Political Conditions: The first parliamentary elections following Montenegro's declaration of independence were held on September 10, 2006. Both domestic and international observers assessed the elections as being generally in line with international standards. Zeljko Sturanovic of the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) was appointed as Prime Minister. The newly elected Montenegrin parliament began work on the ...

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International Relations: Relations with International Community

After the removal of Milosevic in 2000, the FRY authorities made great efforts to rebuild bridges with the international community. FRY rejoined the United Nations, and joined various other international organisations, including the IMF, OSCE and the Council of Europe. In October 2005, Serbia and Montenegro began negotiations with the EU for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA), the first step in the process of EU integration. (Please see “Relations with the EU” section below for more on the status of Montenegro’s progress towards the EU.)

The UK ...

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