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Introduction: French Togoland became Togo in 1960. Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA, installed as military ruler in 1967, ruled Togo with a heavy hand for almost four decades. Despite the facade of multiparty elections instituted in the early 1990s, the government was largely dominated by President EYADEMA, whose Rally of the Togolese People (RPT) party has maintained power almost continually since 1967 and maintains a majority of seats in today's legislature. Upon EYADEMA's death in February 2005, the military installed the president's son, Faure GNASSINGBE, and then engineered his formal election two months later. Democratic gains since then allowed Togo to hold...

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People: Togo's population of over 6 million people (2011 est.) is composed of more than 20 ethnic groups. The two major groups are the Ewe in the South and the Kabye in the North. Population distribution is very uneven due to soil and terrain variations. The population is generally concentrated in the south and along the major north-south highway connecting the coast to the Sahel. The ethnic groups of ...

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International Relations: Togo's Relations with Neighbours

Togo has generally enjoyed good relations with its West African neighbours. However, relations with Ghana were strained when Eyadema and Jerry Rawlings were in power - both accused the other of supporting dissidents to their regimes. Both Benin and Ghana have periodically received refugees from the political instability in Togo. Relations with Ghana improved following the election of John Kufuor as President in Ghana, who enjoyed warmer relations with Eyadema. Eyadema was involved in conflict mediation in Sierra Leone (in the late 1990s) and more recently in Cote d'Ivoire. Togo contributed ...

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