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Trinidad and Tobago


Introduction: First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The...

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Government: Trinidad and Tobago is a unitary state, with a parliamentary democracy modeled after that of Great Britain. Although completely independent, Trinidad and Tobago acknowledged the British monarch as the figurehead chief of state from 1962 until 1976. In 1976 the country adopted a republican Constitution, replacing Queen Elizabeth with a president elected by Parliament. The general direction and ...

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International Relations: Relations with the UK

Bilateral relations are in excellent shape, consolidated by a steady stream of high-level visits. Jeremy Browne MP, Minister of State for the FCO, met with Trinidad and Tobago Foreign Minister, Dr. Surujrattan Rambachan during the UK-Caribbean Ministerial Forum held in Grenada in 2012.

Visits from the UK


Jeremy Browne MP, Minister of State for the FCO, visited in January 2012


The Director of Public Prosecutions for England and Wales, Keir Starmer, visited in October 2011

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The Commonwealth Caribbean islands make up a large subcomponent of the hundreds of islands in the Caribbean Sea, forming a wide arc between Florida in the north and Venezuela in the south, as well as a barrier between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Varying considerably in size, the islands, which are the isolated upper parts of a submerged chain of volcanic mountains, are scattered ...

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