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 Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Geographic Coordinates:

 6 55 N, 158 15 E


 Total: 702 sq km
Land: 702 sq km
Water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)

Note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)

Area - Comparative:

 Four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 6,112 km (Rank: 22)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


 Tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage


 Islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m

Natural Resources:

 Timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate

Land Use:

 Arable land: 5.71%
Permanent crops: 45.71%
Other: 48.58% (2005)

Natural Hazards:

 Typhoons (June to December)

Environment - Current Issues:

 Overfishing, climate change, pollution

Environment - International Agreements:

 Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - Note:

 Four major island groups totaling 607 islands

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 Noun: Micronesian(s)
Adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese

Ethnic Groups:

 Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)


 English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi


 Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 41.7% (Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%), other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census)


 106,836 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 33.6% (male 18,223/female 17,639)
15-64 years: 63.4% (male 33,566/female 34,215)
65 years and over: 3% (male 1,375/female 1,818) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 22.7 years
Male: 22.2 years
Female: 23.3 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 -0.313% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 22.22 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 4.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 -20.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 23% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 PALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 24.34 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 26.89 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 21.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 71.52 years
Male: 69.58 years
Female: 73.55 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 2.74 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Health Expenditures:

 3.9% of GDP (2009)

Physicians Density:

 0.564 physicians/1,000 population (2005)

Hospital Bed Density:

 3.22 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Drinking Water Source:

 Urban: 94% of population
Rural: 92% of population
Total: 92% of population
Urban: 6% of population
Rural: 8% of population
Total: 8% of population (2000)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Urban: 59% of population
Rural: 16% of population
Total: 26% of population
Urban: 41% of population
Rural: 84% of population
Total: 74% of population (2000)


 Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 89%
Male: 91%
Female: 88% (1980 est.)

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Conventional short form: none
Local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Local short form: none
Former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
Abbreviation: FSM

Government Type:

 Constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004


 Name: Palikir
Geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 09 E
Time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap


 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)

National Holiday:

 Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)


 May 10, 1979

Legal System:

 Mixed legal system of common and customary law

International Law Organization Participation:

 Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt


 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)

Cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the 8 executive departments

Elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2015); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed

Election results: Emanuel MORI reelected president by Congress unopposed; Alik L. ALIK reelected vice president

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)

Elections: last held on 8 March 2011 (next to be held in March 2013)

Election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14

Judicial Branch:

 Supreme Court

Political Parties and Leaders:

 No formal parties

International Organization Participation:


Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 Chief of mission: Ambassador Yosiwo GEORGE
Chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
Consulate(s) general: Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 Chief of mission: Ambassador Peter A. PRAHAR
Embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
Mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941
Telephone: [691] 320-2187
FAX: [691] 320-2186

Flag Description:

 Light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the stars represent the four island groups of Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap

National Anthem:

 Name: "Patriots of Micronesia"
Lyrics/music: unknown

Note: adopted 1991; the anthem is also known as "Across All Micronesia;" the music is based on the 1820 German patriotic song "Ich hab mich ergeben," which was the West German national anthem from 1949-1950; variants of this tune are used in Johannes Brahms' "Festival Overture" and Gustav Mahler's "Third Symphony"

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Economy - Overview:

 Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. Under the original terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US provided $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001; the level of aid has been subsequently reduced. The Amended Compact of Free Association with the US guarantees the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) millions of dollars in annual aid through 2023, and establishes a Trust Fund into which the US and the FSM make annual contributions in order to provide annual payouts to the FSM in perpetuity after 2023. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction in US assistance but also to the current slow growth of the private sector.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $238.1 million (2008 est.)
$277 million (2002 est.)

Note: data are in 2008 US dollars
GDP supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $238.1 million (2008)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

0.3% (2005 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $2,200 (2008 est.)
$2,300 (2005 est.)

Note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 28.9%
Industry: 15.2%
Services: 55.9% (2004 est.)

Labor Force:

 16,360 (2008)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 0.9%
Industry: 34.4%
Services: 64.7%

Note: two-thirds of the labor force are government employees (FY05 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

 22% (2000 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line:

 26.7% (2000)

Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%


 Revenues: $166 million (FY07 est.)
Expenditures: $152.7 million (FY07 est.)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 69.7% of GDP (FY07 est.)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 5.6% of GDP (FY07 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 2.2% (2005)

Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate:

 15.13% (31 December 2010 est.)
15.38% (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Money:

 $21.21 million (31 December 2008)
$22.45 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of Quasi Money:

 $76.8 million (31 December 2008)
$72.49 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of Narrow Money:

 $29.02 million (31 December 2009)
$21.21 million (31 December 2008)

Stock of Broad Money:

 $114 million (31 December 2009 est.)
$98 million (31 December 2008 est.)

Stock of Domestic Credit:

 $65.68 million (31 December 2009)
$43.75 million (31 December 2008)

Agriculture - Products:

 Black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca), sakau (kava), Kosraen citrus, betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish


 Tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items (from shell, wood, and pearls)

Industrial Production Growth Rate:


Electricity - Production:

 192 million kWh (2002)

Electricity - Consumption:

 178.6 million kWh (2002)

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2002)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2002)

Current Account Balance:

 -$34.3 million (FY05 est.)


 $14 million (2004 est.)

Exports - Commodities:

 Fish, garments, bananas, black pepper, sakau (kava), betel nut


 $132.7 million (2004)

Imports - Commodities:

 Food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages

Debt - External:

 $60.8 million (FY05 est.)

Exchange Rates:

 Convert United States Dollar to Any Currency

The US dollar is used

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 8,500 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 27,500 (2010)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: adequate system

Domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; mobile-cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap

International: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)

Broadcast Media:

 No television broadcast stations; each state has a multi-channel cable service with television transmissions carrying roughly 95% imported programming and 5% local programming; about a half dozen radio stations in operation (2009)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 3 (cable TV also available) (2004)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 3,097 (2010)

Internet Users:

 17,000 (2009)

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 6 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2010)


 Total: 240 km
Paved: 42 km
Unpaved: 198 km (2000)

Merchant Marine:

 Total: 3
By type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2 (2010)

Ports and Terminals:

 Colonia (Tomil Harbor), Lele Harbor, Pohnepi Harbor

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Military Branches:

 No regular military forces

Manpower Available For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 26,712 (2010 est.)

Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 22,008
Females age 16-49: 23,501 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 1,276
Female: 1,253 (2010 est.)

Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of the US

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Illicit Drugs:

 Major consumer of cannabis

Trafficking in Persons:

 Current situation: the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a source country for women subjected to sex trafficking; FSM women have been recruited to the United States and its territories with promises of well-paying jobs, and forced into prostitution upon arrival; little data on the scope of human trafficking in FSM is available, as the government has not conducted any inquiries, investigations, studies, or surveys on human trafficking

Tier rating: Tier 3 - the FSM Government does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; the government did not investigate or prosecute any trafficking cases, made no efforts to identify or assist victims of trafficking, and failed to make efforts to prevent trafficking or increase the general public's awareness of trafficking (2011)

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Last Updated: December 2011

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